J.R.R. Tolkien

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J.R.R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (3 January 1892 –2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972.After Tolkien's death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda, and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term legendarium to the larger part of these writings. While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature - or, more precisely, of high fantasy.


1937 - The Hobbit1949 - Farmer Giles of Ham1954-1956 - The Lord of the RingsPosthumous publications1977 - The Silmarillion1980 - Unfinished Tales1981 - The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien1983–1996 - The History of Middle-earth

Tolkien known, in different degrees, 30 languages (i.a. Latin, French, German, Middle English, Old English, Finnish, Gothic, Greek, Italian, Old Norse, Spanish, Welsh, Medieval Welsh, Danish, Dutch, Lombardic, Norwegian, Russian, Serbian, Swedish).He invent a few fictional languages, many of which (like the Elvish languages Quenya and Sindarin) he used extensively in his writing.At age 16, Tolkien fell in love with Edith Bratt, three years his senior. His guardian, a Catholic priest, was horrified that his ward was seeing a Protestant and ordered the boy to have no contact with Edith until he turned 21. Tolkien obeyed, pining after Edith for years until that fateful birthday, when he met with her under a railroad viaduct. She broke off her engagement to another man, converted to Catholicism, and the two were married for the rest of their lives. At Tolkien's instructions, their shared gravestone has the names "Beren" and "Luthien" engraved on it, a reference to a famous pair of star-crossed lovers from the fictional world he created.


1977- animated production of The Hobbit1978- first adaptation of The Lord of the Ring1980- animated production of The Return of the King2001-2003- The Lord of the Ring by Peter Jackson2012-2014- The Hobbit by Peter Jackson



J. R. R.Tolkien


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