Joseph Hayne Rainy

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by Jayjay2012
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Social Studies
Politicians and Presidents

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Joseph Hayne Rainy

Joseph Hayne Rainy

Joseph Hayne Rainy was born on June 21, 1832 in Georgetown, Sounth Carolina an Died in August 1, 1887 in Georgetown, Sounth Carolina Joseph Hayne Rainey was the first African American to serve in the United States House of Representatives. Joseph Hayne Rainy was in the Republican Party. Joseph Hayne Rainy was Born into slavery. He was freed in the 1840s when his father bought the freedom of his entire family. In 1859 Rainey went to Philadelphia an he married Susan. They went South Carolina an had three children.

Time Line

In 1870 Republican Joseph Hayne Rainey became the first African American to be elected to the United States House of Representatives and take his seat. Others were elected earlier but were not seated. His parents had been slaves but his father purchased his family’s freedom and taught him to be a barber. The family moved to Charleston in 1846. Rainey, however, traveled frequently outside the South and married in Philadelphia in 1859. In 1861 Joseph Rainey was drafted to work on a Confederate blockade runner during the Civil War. In 1862 he escaped to Bermuda with his wife and worked there as a barber before returning to South.Sources:

Joseph H. Rainey - 1871 Speech in the House performed by Chris Healis


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