Jordan Hatfield Road to Revolution pg. 2

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Jordan Hatfield Road to Revolution pg. 2

Thomas Paine's Common Sense *A table-turning pamphlet entitled Common Sense, published by Thomas Paine in January of 1776 changed public opinion of who the enemy really was. At first many colonists were angry with Parliament, but Paine declared that Parlaiment wasn't the enemy, bu rather King George III because Parlaiment did nothing withoug his consent and now was the time to declare their right to independence. This influental pamphlet gave the provincial congresses and assemblies the permission from the colonists needed to vote for independence at the Continental Congress.

Second Continental Congress*The second Continental Congress was held just three weeks after the battles of Lexington and Concord in Philadelphia to discuss defense. They voted to "adopt" the militia and named it the Continental Army with George Washington appointed as general and commander in chief.

Battles of Lexington and Concord*Considered the first battle of the American Revolution, 70 minutemen and 700 British troops faced off at Lexington leaving 8 dead and 10 wounded. The British troops moved on to Concord surprised to find most of their military suppllies removed when they got there. 400 colonial militia forced the British troops to retreat after they attempted to cross the North Bridge, but as the troops returned to Boston, colonial militia and farmers fired at them causing 99 deaths and 174 injuries.As New England heard news of the fighting they quickly responded to aid in the fight against the British. They surrounded Boston, trapping the British troops inside.

The Association*The Continental Congress approved the Continental Association and planned for every county and town to have their own committees to enforce the boycott of British goods and agreed to meet at the second Continental Congress held in May of 1775.

First Continental Congress *55 delegates represented twelve of the North American colonies that met at Philadelphia in 1774 to discuss how to react to the new Acts- mainly the Intolerable Acts. Although all of the representatives were opposed to the Intolerable Acts, some beleived a compromise could be made with Britian, while other representatives had had enough and were ready to fight. The congress responded with the Declaration of Rights and Grievances which expressed loyalty to the king, condemned the Coercive Acts, and announced the formation of a nonimportation association.

Boston Masacre* The Boston colonists constantly harrassed the British troops which they called "lobster backs" because of the red coats they wore and consequently Britian saw it necessary to send another 1,000 troops to help maintain peace and control, but ironically in 1770 three colonists wer killed and six others wounded at the gunpoints of British troops. The incident became known as the Boston Masacre. New of the happening spread quickly throughout the colonies and in an attempt to fend off a likely revolution from the colonists, Parliament repealed all of the Townshend Acts,only keeping the tax on tea. However clever this may have been, it only held off the rebelion temporarily.

Committees of Correspondence*Thomas Jefferson suggested that each colony create their own committee of correspondence in 1773. These committees were designed to communicate with other colonies about British activities to allow the colonial leaders to coordinate plans for resisting the British. Not only did it allow for close and quick communication, but it unified the colonies and shaped the opinions of the public as well.

Intolerable Acts*in 1774 two new acts were passed by British Parliament- the Coercive Acts and the Quebec Act- together known as the Intolerable Acts. The colonists perceived these acts as one more way the British were trying to control the colonial governments.

Boston Tea Party *When the committee of correspondence heard that the East India Company was shipping their tea to Boston, New York, Charles Town, and Philadelphia they decided that they could not let the tea on land. Ships to New York and Philadelphia were forced to return back home with their tea and in Charles Town the tea was seized and stored in a local warehouse, but in Boston Harbor the 342 chests of tea were dumped into the harbor by 150 as a few thousand colonists on shore cheered them on.

Declaration of Independence*In July of 1776 the Continental Congress issued the Decalration of Independence, a document of independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson that declared the United States of America to Britain and the world.

The Road to Revolution Cont'd



  • Gurtie256 8 years ago

    Gurtie256's avatar

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