John Steinbeck

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John Steinbeck

The Grapes of Wrath (1939) is Steinbeck's most famous novel and won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize. The novel tells the story of the Joads, who migrate to California in search of a better life during the Great Depression of the nineteen thirties. Steinbeck effectively portrays how the struggle of the Joads mirrors the hardships of the entire nation. The Joads learn, through the inspiration of Jim Casy, that the poor must work together in order to survive. Thousands of sharecroppers were evicted from their lands which had been settled by their forefathers. About 4,000 people were, therefore, forced by circumstances to travel in unreliable cars to California in search of work. With deteriorating conditions for the farm workers in the West, there were innumerable strikes during the years of 1933 and 1934. Steinbeck, as a newspaper reporter, saw first-hand the difficult life of the migrants during his visits to the labor camps. He resolved to write a "big book" chronicling the suffering and oppression of the migrants. The outcome of his efforts was The Grapes of Wrath .


The poem is supposed to be about Ma's views and life back during the Depression, and the main theme: The Saving Power of Family and Fellowship. Family is a means of survival in The Grapes of Wrath. Without each other, the Joads would have no way of coping with the loss of their land or of getting to California. Family is the one weapon that the Joads have against the cold, bitter world around.


The Grapes of Wrath


John Steinbeck

Themes:-The Dignity of Wrath-Growth and Maturity-Survival of the FamilyHumanity Must Adapt to Conditions


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