John Locke: Enlightment Thinkers

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Social Studies
Subject:
World History
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9

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John Locke: Enlightment Thinkers

John Locke was born in 1632 in Wrighton, Somerset. He lived a total of 72 years before dying in 1704.Locke went to school at Westminister School. Between 1652 and 1667, John Locke was a student and then lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, where he focused on the standard curriculum of logic, metaphysics and classics.

Key Beliefs of John Locke

The power of the king (or any government) is derived from the people, who agree to obey their rulers in exchange for law and security.Individuals have a natural right to hold property, and this can never be taken from them without their own consent.If a ruler breaks the terms of the contract that empowers him or seizes property without consent, the people can resist and depose him.Locke believed that all adults were equal and each individual was subject to no one but God.

Lasting Impact

John Locke influenced modern government because in the United States Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson based his saying of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" on Locke's natural rights saying of "life, liberty and property." Aslo Locke believed in good governments, as well as bad and evil governments. He believed that a good government provided law and protection for its people and followed their contract. Bad governments were those who did not follow the contract and broke it. By doing this Locke said that the people had the right to revolt against the government becuase it had not followed the rules that they ruled by. Evil governments were those who assaulted their people and took advantage of those that gave them power to rule.The US Declaration of Independance states that the government receives " their just powers from the consent of the governed", and "That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government..."

Citations

"John Locke." History.com. A'E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2015. ."JOHN LOCKE." JOHN LOCKE. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2015. .

John Locke: Enlightment Thinker

Biography

Symbol

Life, Liberty, and Property. John Locke's initials.


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