John James Audubon

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John James Audubon

John James Audubon was the author of "Birds of America", 'Ornithological Biography", and "The Viviparous Quadrupeds". His most well known book, "The Birds of America" has pictures of the birds which are used today in many ornithological books today. Even after more than 100 years, his paintings are still standards for today. The "Ornithological Biography" contains accurate and detailed desciptions of many birds not known at that time. In the early United States, descriptions of birds was a valuable tool too many naturalists. Some of descriptions are more detailed than other ornithological books today. During his conservation, he has dicovered 25 new species of birds which had been previously unknown. This helped give other naturalists at the time insight about the unknown birds. Throughout Audubon's life, he painted the best pictures of birds, produced many accurate desciptions of birds, and discovered many new species of birds. Audubon's contributions helped show the United State's birds to the rest of the world and since his paintings were so realistic, they were unique which helped shape the United State's identity.

In Les Cayes, Santo Dominico, France(present-day Haiti), John James Audubon was born in April 26, 1785. His parents was a French sailor and a French mistress. During Audobon's childhood, he found birds, nature, and art intriguing. To avoid getting recruited into Napoleon's army, he was sent to Phiadelphia to live on a family estate where he studied birds. He met Lucy Bakewell who became his wife. Audubon and his wife traveled west to Kentucky where he opened a dry goods store and eventually had two kids named Victor Gifford and John Woodhouse. While in Kentucky, Audubon continued to document birds and became successful. However, Audubon went bankrupt and was put in jail for a short period of time before he was released. Even though he was poor, he continued to document birds with his assistant as they traveled. Then, Audobon made the trip to England to get "Birds of America" printed. Audubon's new book became popular and was printed by many different people. After becoming famous, Audubon eventually settled in New York City and later made another book called "The Viviparous Quadupends of North America" which documented mammals. Audubon eventually died in 1851, at the age of 65.


John James Audubon

John James Audubon

Contributions-the author of "Birds of America", which had 435 detailed portraits of every known bird in the U.S.-wrote the "Ornithological Biography" which included more than a thousand pages of bird descriptions.-discovered 25 new species and 12 new subspecies.

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"During all these years there existed within me a tendency to follow Nature in her walks."-John James Audubon

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Presented by: Shawn Lee


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