John J. Pershing

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by cfellowes1
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
World War I

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John J. Pershing

-Social: He increased support for U.S. involvement in WWI-Economic: His victories against Germany greatly injured German economy.

John J. Pershing






Political/Social/Economic Effects-Political: Led to many U.S. victories in WWI which made it more respected as a military power. He also caused conflict between the U.S. and political/military leaders of the Allied forces by refusing to combine armies. He led to a new title being created by Congress (General of the Armies).

BackgroundJohn J. Pershing was a soldier, and later general, of the U.S. army. He was born in Missouri on September 13th, 1860, to a humble family. After graduating from high school, he joined the army and began training at West Point. While training at West Point, he proved his worth as a leader and became a legend among the members of the academy. Through his harsh, but efficient, leadership he earned the name "Black Jack" by the cadets of the academy.

Relation to WWI/What Caused His InvolvementIn response to America's neutrality policiy collapsing, Woodrow Wilson, the president at the time, needed a general to lead the U.S. forces in WWI. At this time, John J. Pershing had already displayed his leadership and aptitude as a soldier by leading U.S. forces in Mexico and the Philippines. Because of this, Woodrow Wilson saw him as a perfect candidate to lead the American Expeditionary Force in WWI.

Main Impact on World War IJohn J. Pershing's primary impact on World War I was greatly contributing to the defeat of the Central Powers, bythe Allied Powers. He accomplished this through his leadership, tact, and judgement.

General of the Armies/

Significant Actions- Initially refused to merge U.S. forces with Britain and France- Overconfidence led to massive losses in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Later gave control of the First Army to Hunter Liggett who revamped tactics.-Increased support for the U.S.' participation in the war- Continuously pressured Germany, even after the armistice was signed

Graduation from West Point



Cheif of Staff, "General of the Armies"

Led the U.S. Army in World War I

Time Line

Primary Source Document"In the hard fighting from July 18th to August 6th the Germans were not only halted in their advance but were driven back from the Marne to the Vesle and committed wholly to the defensive."How does this excerpt display a turning point in World War I?


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