Next-Gen

John Dewey

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by Jmcmul01
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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John Dewey

Pros-1. Students are active participants in their own learning. 2. They learn by experiencing and doing things hands on.3. Promotes children working together. 4. Students think more critically and problem solve. 5. No stress from report card grades. 6. Promotes creativity and imagination. Cons-1. There is little if any routine. Is this aspect preparing students for society? Everything we do is a routine. Would this work with students with disabilities and who are use to daily routines?2. Ideally, does progressivism prepare students for tests that are required?3. It's nearly impossible to give the necessary individual attention to each student. Some students may need more scaffolding from the teacher.4. It is a belief that progressive education does not produce leaders. 5. Teachers not passing students for a variety of reasons. (Not spiritually ready).

*Progressivism*

October 20, 1859- Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont to Archibald Dewey (a merchant and Union soldier) and Lucina (a devout Calvinist). John was one of three children. 1879 - Graduated from the University of Vermont. While he'd been at Vermont, he loved to study philosophy. 1884 - Received his doctorate from John Hopkins. He was hired shortly after as an assistant professor at the University of Michigan (taught philosophy and psychology). 1886 - Married Harriet Alice Chapman. They would have six children and adopt one child. 1894 - 1.Dewey was named head of the philosophy department at the University of Chicago. He was there until 1904. 2. With his wife, he started an experimental primary school (The University Elementary School) through the University of Chicago. He wanted to test his academic theories, however, his wife was fired and he resigned. 1904 - Dewey would then join Columbia University. (Mainly, he was here until he retired). 1919 - Along with colleagues, he helped start the New School for Social Research. 1920s- Dewey traveled the world and lectured on educational reform. (1927- Harriet died) 1930s- Retired from teaching. He entered heavily into politics. June 1, 1952- Dewey died of pneumonia. He was 92. Over his lifetime- Dewey published over 1,000 works including essays, articles, and books. Legacy- While some Universities criticized progressive education, Dewey's work is still referenced today. He founded many organizations that still exist today.

-Progressivism is an educational movement that occurred at the beginning of the twentieth century as a reaction to the traditional school in the United States of America.-According to progressivism, education should focus on the whole child.-John Dewey and other progressivists believed in hands-on learning. "Learning is rooted in the questions of learners that arise through experiencing the world."-The belief that effective teachers place students in situations where they can learn doing. -Dewey felt school should improve the way of life for students by experiencing freedom and democracy. Questions to Ponder: Do students get to think on their own? Are their thoughts "free"?Are teachers like dictators?-To Dewey, progressive education was deeply rooted in American democracy. There was no room for authoritarian models of education in a democratic society.-Dewey was against memorization of information. It is safe to assume that Dewey would loathe standardized testing.

In the ClassroomWaldorf School

Progressivism in current schools:-Art rooms, wood-working shops, kitchens, dark rooms (photography), and science laboratories. Anything where learning is hands-on. Some qualities of a progressive school: -Doesn't always give report cards but rather reports detailing how well a child is doing.-Encourages cooperation over competition. -All about thinking and experiencing on your own. -Somewhere around 75 schools in America call themselves progressive. -Examples of progressive schools are Waldorf schools. -Examples of specific progressive schools:--The Putney School in Vermont. --The Buxton School in Massachusetts.

Citations

-(2013). Student-Centered Philosophies of Education. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Student_Centered/ -(2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 07:16, Jul 01, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/john-dewey-9273497.-Cohen, L.M. & Gelbrich, Judy (1999). Section III: Philosophical Perspectives in Education. Retrieved from http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/PP3.html-Kennedy, R. (2014). Why a Progressive School? Retrieved from http://www.boardingschoolreview.com/articles/28 -Radu, L. (2011) John Dewey and Progressivism in American Education. Series VII: Social Sciences, 4(53), 85-90.

John Dewey(1859-1952)

Pros/Cons of Progressivism

Timeline of Dewey

Dewey Video


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