John Adams

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Social Studies
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John Adams

John Adams

John Adams was the 2nd President of the United States. He became president on March 4, 1797 and ended his presidency on March 4, 1801. He was born on October 30 1735 and died on July 4, 1826. He was the first Vice President of the United Stated. John Adams was a strong federalist.

XYZ Affair

Youtube video of John Adams

The French attacked the American ships because John Adams refused to help them in war. As a result of that, John Adams sent three commissioners to go to France and begin peace negotiations with them. The commissioners told the French people to stop attacking the American ships, but the French Ministers said they're not going to begin peace negotiations unless America gives them $250,000. Then, the commissioners went home and Adams said he will never give them a $250,000 bribe and that he would rather have war again.

This was written by Madison and Jefferson. They argued that the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional and it interfered with the power of state governments.

John Adams made a rule preventing people to speak bad about the government. This was called the Alien and Sedition Act. This law was passed by the Federalist Congress in 1798 and was approved by John Adams. These laws made it harder for new immigrants to vote.

Alien and Sedition Acts

Virginia and Kentucky Resolution

The election of 1796

The election of 1796 was the first election that the citizens could vote for a certain party. The federalists nominated John Adams and the Republicans nominated Thomas Jefferson. It was a very negative and ugly campaign and was filled with "mudslinging". John Adams comes in first and Thomas Jefferson comes in second which means that John Adams will be the President and Thomas Jefferson will be the Vice President. This picture is from This map shows the electoral votes from John Adams who is green and Thomas Jefferson who is blue.

The election of 1800

The election of 1800 had two candidates with different views on how they should run the country. The first candidate was John Adams who was a federalist. He favored a strong national government, favored limiting the power of the states, believed the common people were incapable of governing themselves, wanted to develp industry nationally, and he was against too much individual freedom. The second candidate was Thomas Jefferson who was a Democratic-Republican. He favored a weak national government, supported states rights, believed the common people were capable of governing themselves, wanted more people involved in government, favored farmers and small buisnesses, and he favored freedom of speech and the press. In addition, John Adams's supporters were bankers, manufacturers, and merchants, but Thomas Jefferson's supporters were small farmers, settlers, plantations owners, artists, and shopkeepers. Thomas Jefferson won the election and became President over John Adams.

Midnight Judges

When John Adams heard Thomas Jefferson was going to be President over him he quickly appointed many federal judges. One of the judges that John Adams appointed was William Marbury. He was a businessman. Then, Thomas Jefferson refused to allow the judges to be in office. In addition, Thomas Jefferson oredered James Madison not to deliver the commission.


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