John Adams

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by NMamrout123
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Politicians and Presidents
Grade:
8

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John Adams

V.A + K.Y resolutions

-born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1735 on october 30th-Harvard-educated lawyer-Patriot-delegate in 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses-led in the movement for independence-2nd president -1st vice president

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions happened in 1798 and 1799, in U.S. history. The resolutions were written by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson. The VA and KY resolutions argued that because of the federal government was the outcome of an argument between the united state. The powers were not specifically granted for the central government to deal with. Because of this, they continued that the states had the power to pass on the constitutionality of federal legislation. The VA and KY resolutions were originally protests against the limitations on freedoms/rights mentioned in the Alien and Sedition Acts. L

XYZ AFFAIR

midnight appointments

John Adams

alien+sedition acts

background

2nd president

When JOHN became President, the war between the French and British was becoming very difficult for the USA . Adams sent three diplomats to France, and in the spring-time of 1798 word arrived that the French Foreign Minister would not negotiate with them unless they would pay an expensive bribe of$250,000. Adams reported the event, and had the Senate spread the word around. They referred to those french men as "Mr.X", "Mr.Y", and "Mr.Z" from then on.

On his last night as President, JOHN ADAMS annointed many federalist judges into the supreme court.Thefamous case from the supreme court involved one of those midnight appointments who actually did not get to become a judge so he decided to sue Jefferson. There was no laws against or for that dilemma so it was a hard decision. Ultimately, Thomas Jefferson won the case. Marbury did not get to become a judge, like he was originally promised

President John Adams passes the Naturalization Act, the 1st of 4 pieces of controversial acts known famously as the "Alien and Sedition Acts" in 1798. At that time, the USA was on the verge of decrlaring war with France, and our congress was trying to pass laws that gives more power to the federal government, and the president in particular the powers to deal with people he finds suspicious, especially foreign people. The Naturalization Act increased the requirements for "aliens" to applyto become as U.S. citizen, stating that immigrants must live in the U.S. for 14 years or more before they can become eligible. EX-President, George Washington, supported it. J.Adams signed the 2nd part,the Alien Act, on June 25th. That act gave President Adams the ability to deport aliens during peace time. The Alien Act, that Adams signed on July 6th, gave him power to deport any alien living in the U.S. with ties to U.S. wartime enemies. Thus, the Sedition Act, which was passed on July 14th, gave President John Adams so much power to define "treasonable activity" which includes any false, decieving and damagable writing.


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