Johann Pestalozzi

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by missribb
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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Johann Pestalozzi

January 12, 1746 - February 12, 1827Born in Zurich, SwitzerlandFather (medical practitioner) died when Pestalozzi was 5Age 19 attended University of Zurich Began as a Theology major Switched to LawHeavily influenced by Jean-Jacques RousseauConcerned with social justiceAdvocate for the education of the poorBegan educational career at his farm, Neuhof

A whole child approach that emphasizes the development of all aspects of a personPrinciples:1. concrete objects before abstract concepts2. immediate environment first, then distant and remote 3. easy exercises come before complex ones4. proceed gradually and cumulatively

Lasting Impact

- Child centered approach- Systemized subjects of instruction- How content is taught- Use of senses- Direct experience with world- Active participation in learning process

Citations

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi. Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition [serial online]. December 2013;:1. Available from: Academic Search Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed September 28, 2014.Kate, S. (2012). Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich. Britannica Biographies, 1.

Johann Pestalozzi

Biography

Pestalozzi Method

Timeline

1765 - Univ of Zurich1769 - Neuhof1790 - "The Evening Hour of a Hermit"1797 - "My Inquires into the Course of Nature in the Development of Mankind"1799 - School in Stans1800 - Boarding School in Burgdorf1801 - How Gertrude Teaches Her Children1801 - Leonard and Gertrude1805 - Boarding School in Yverdon

Hands:Hands on learningLearn by doingSensory experiences

Heart:CompassionSocial JusticeSocial advancement for the poor

Head:Basic ConceptsObjectivityObserve the worldMake informed decisionsExperience guided by teacher

Bowers, F. B., ' Gehring, T. (2004). Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: 18th Century Swiss Educator and Correctional Reformer. Journal Of Correctional Education, 55(4), 306-319.Forkner, C. B. (2013). Influence without Fanfare: Pestalozzi's Enduring Contributions to Education. Insights To A Changing World Journal, 2013(3), 33-42.Horlacher, R. (2011). Schooling as a means of popular education: Pestalozzi's method as a popular education experiment. Paedagogica Historica, 47(1/2), 65-75. doi:10.1080/00309230.2010.530286


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