Japanese samurai and their role in japanese history

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Japanese samurai and their role in japanese history

Taira

History

The Minamoto were one of the four great clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian period (794-1185). They were, however, decimated by the Taira in the Heiji Rebellion of 1160. Minamoto no Yoshitomo had been the head of the clan at this time; upon his defeat at the hands of Taira no Kiyomori, two of his sons were killed and the third, Minamoto no Yoritomo, was banished. Following the call to arms of Prince Mochihito and Minamoto no Yorimasa in 1180, the clan would gather together and rise to power again.

Why the war started

The Genpei War (1180-1185) was because of decades of conflict between the Minamoto and the Taira - the two most powerful military clans of the time. The war led to Taira's clans fall, and the beginning of Minamoto’s establishment of the Kamakura shogunate, a military dictatorship that dominated Japan from 1192 to 1333. It started because both of the clans wanted dominance of the Imperial court, and by extension, control of Japan

Japanese Samurai

Bibliography

Major figures

Minamoto no Noriyori, general, younger brother of Yoritomo.Minamoto no Yorimasa , head of the clan at the beginning of the war.Minamoto no Yoritomo, head of the clan upon Yorimasa's death.Minamoto no Yoshitsune, younger brother of Yoritomo, chief general of the clan.Minamoto no Yukiie, general, uncle to Yoritomo.Emperor Go-Shirakawa retired emperor.Prince Mochihito, Imperial Prince.Benkei, sōhei, ally of Yoshitsune.Hōjō Tokimasa, head of the Hōjō clan, father-in-law of Yoritomo.

By Merrick Ouyang

Minamoto

Minamoto

http://www.kobejournal.com/Japan%20history/1185%20genpei%20kassen.htmlhttp://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Gempei_warhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gempei_Warhttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/228147/Gempei-Warhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tairahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minamoto_clanhttp://www.samurai-archives.com/Gempeiwar.html

Clan Sign

Taira

Clan sign

Taira clan was a major Japanese clan of samurai, extremely skilled in the art of jujitsu in historical Japan. Taira were one of four great clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian period — the other three were the Fujiwara, the Minamoto, and the Tachibana.

Minamoto clan was one of the surnames bestowed by the Emperors of Japan upon members of the imperial family who were demoted into the ranks of the nobility.The Minamoto were one of four great clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian period — the other three were the Fujiwara, the Taira, and the Tachibana.

Minamoto figures

Taira figures

Taira no Kiyomori, head of the clan at the beginning of the war.Taira no Koremori, grandson of Kiyomori.Taira no Munemori, son and heir of Kiyomori; head of the clan for much of the war.Taira no Noritsune, a Taira clan samuraiTaira no Shigehira, general, son of Kiyomori.Taira no Tadanori, general, brother of Kiyomori.Taira no Tomomori, general, son of Kiyomori.Taira no Yukimori, general, commander of the Taira forces at the battle of Kojima.


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