Jan Van Eyck

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by jemily123
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Arts & Music
Subject:
Artist Biographies

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Jan Van Eyck

-Was born in 1390(no exact date known)-Born in Maaseik(present day Belgium)-Hubert Van Eyck is thought to be his brother-During his lifetime, on behalf of his patron Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, he traveled to Spain in an attempt to contract a marriage between his patron and Isabella of Spain.-Married a woman named Margaret around 1431-He had at least two children with her-After his death in 1441, he was buried in the Church of Saint- Donatian in Bruges.

Analysis of Work

1390- Eyck was born 1425-1432- Altar of the Mystic Lamb1434- Arnolfini Wedding Portrait1434-36 - Madonna With the Donor Canon Van der Paele1436- Madonna and Child with the Donor Chancellor Nicolas Rolin1440 - work showing The Calvary and Last Judgement1441- Eyck died

1. Painted both secular and religious subject matter2. Painter portraits 3. Painted portable alter pieces4. Work comes from Gothic style5. Later developed a greater emphasis on naturalism and realism6. Usually used oil paint as a medium

Citations

Gowing, Lawrence. Facts on File Encyclopedia of Art. Vol. 4. New York: Facts on File, 2005. Print.Grendler, Paul F. The Renaissance. Vol. 2. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.Hoving, Thomas. Art for Dummies. Foster City, CA: IDG Worldwide, 1999. Print."Jan Van Eyck - The Complete Works." Jan Van Eyck - The Complete Works. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. . Jones, Susan. "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Jan Van Eyck (ca. 1390–1441). N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. . Kessler, Herbert. "Jan Van Eyck | Biography - Flemish Painter." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2 June 2014. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. .Landi, Ann. Schirmer Encyclopedia of Art. Vol. 3. New York: Schirmer Reference, 2002. Print.

Jan Van Eyck

Timeline

Biography

Jan Van Eyck

Altar of the Mystic Lamb also known as the Ghent AltarpieceMade from 1425-1432Oil paints were used for thisJesus, Mary, and John were the main subjects of this painting, as seen top and centerThe altarpiece can be both open and closed. When opened, there is an explosion of red and green color pigments. The pictures are laid out in two tiers,Naturalism was the most predominent value, with the portraits of Adam and Eve.

-Madonna With the Donor Canon Van der Paele-Created from 1434-36-Oil paints were again used to complete this artwork-The subject here was Van der Paele, a wealthy canon of the Church of Saint Donatian-They appear to be in a dark church, which helps to bring out color and texture from things like the armor as it reflects off of different surfaces.-This gives a sense of Humanism because of the realistic aspects of all of the people within the painting.

-Arnolfini Wedding Portrait-Created in 1434-Oil paints were used to complete the portrait-The subject was Arnolfini, a member of the wealthy Lucca family.-Van Eyck was interested in the effects of light, which is shown in the gleaming chandelier in the room-Arnolfini's wife is not pregnant as often thought.-This is another representation of Humanism due to the fact that the people are so incredibly realistic and proportional.

By:Julia Weiner and Emily Witkowski


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