by Lawslo
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James Madison (1751-1836)

He was the fourth president.(1809-1817)

I am known as the father of the Constitution

Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1789

Madison sponsored the first ten amendments to the Constitution (known as the Bill of Rights) to fulfill a pledge made during the fight over ratification, when it was charged that the Constitution failed to protect individual rights.

As secretary of state under Thomas Jefferson, he endeavored without success to secure European recognition of principles of neutral rights advanced by the U.S. during the Napoleonic Wars.

In 1812 Madison asked Congress for a declaration of war against Great Britain.

Elected president in 1809 with 122 electoral votes to 47 for the Federalist candidate Charles Pinckney, Madison approved the repeal of the embargo by which Jefferson had tried to avoid war through a ban on trade with the warring European powers.


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