[2014] Mikelah Suzuki (World History): James Farmer

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[2014] Mikelah Suzuki (World History): James Farmer

James L. Farmer Jr.

James Farmer and a multi-racial group of colleagues founded the Committee of Racial Equality, which later changed to the Congress of Racial Equality or CORE. In 1961, Farmer had been elected as the national director of CORE. He worked hard to launch the freedom rides with the intention to challenge segregation on inerstate bus travel. Farmer sucessfully launched the freedom rides in May of 1961. However, the goal was not so easily achieved. The freedom rides resulted in brutal mob violence in the south, leaving numerous riders severely injured. In the mid-1960s Farmer eventually resigned from leading CORE.

Civil Rights Activities

James Leonard Farmer Jr. was born on January 12, 1920 in Marshall, Texas. His mother had been a teacher, while his father was a minister. Due to his parents education and careers, Farmer had been exposed to literature and learning at an early age. In result, Farmer proved to be an ingenious student, skipping numerous grades, and entering college at the age of fourteen. Later in life, Farmer decided to study at Howard University. There he would get his divinity degree, and also be intorduced to the life and teachings of Mahatma Ghandi. Farmer became increasingly intrigued with Ghandi's philosophies. Farmer would then use teh leader's ideas of nonviolent civil resistence to fight racism. In Farmer's later life, he suffered greatly from diabetes. Then on July 9,1999 he passed away. Leaving behind a lega


"We do what we have to so we can do what we want to." -James Farmer

Ultimately, James Farmer had a significant and ever-lasting impact on the world. Farmer helped form the Congress of Racial Equality, also known as CORE. CORE worked to organize peaceful, non-violent, and civil protest to integrate a segregated nation. Farmer also played a major role in the first sit-in, in Chicago Illinois, which gave African Americans the confidence to fight segregation. Along with helping start a nation wide movemnt to end segregation, Farmer also helped desegregate inerstate bus travel. James Farmer had made a large impact on the world and helped change America for the better.


1920born in Marshall, Texas

1961elected natonal director of CORE

1942cofounded CORE

1965resigned from leadership of CORE

1961helped launch freedom rides

1999passed away

1988awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom

1968unsuccessfully ran for Congress



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