James Dewey Watson

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Scientific Biographies

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James Dewey Watson

James Dewey Watson

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Watson researched about the DNA and he was determined to solve its structure. Watson and Crick researched that the DNA could transmit genetic information on how parent to daughter cells worked. Watson and Crick got information on how the new double standed helix modle with the nitrogen bases paired A to T and C to G in the center. Watson, Crick and Wilkins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1962 for their research on the structure of nucleic acids. In 1951 to 1953, a research fellowship under the support of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England was held by Watson.

Famous Scientist!

Place and Date of Birth:James was born on April 6, 1928, and he is the only son of Jean Mitchlel and James D.His current age is 86 years old.He was born in Chicago, Illinois U.S.

Family:Watson was married to Elizabeth Lewis in 1968.They have two sons named Rufus Robert Watson, born on 1970 and Duncan James Watson, born on 1972.Watson sometimes talks about their son Rufus, who suffers from Schizophrenia. He is determined to the process of the treatment and mental illness by how genetics contribute to it. Watson was raised as a Catholic.

Watson discovered double helix structure of the DNA molecule with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins. Together, three of them won the Noble Prize in Medicine in 1962 for their work. This has been the most important scientific discovery of the 20th century.

Watson lived on the south side of Chicago and attended public schools, including Horace Mann Grammar School and South Shore High School. Watson had considered to do ornithology because he had an interest in bird watching.Watson entered at the university of Chicago where he was given a tuition scholarship, at the age of 15.After Watson read the book, What is Life? by Erwin Schrodinger in 1946, Watson has changed his professional ambitions from the study of ornithology to genetics. In 1947, Watson received his B.S. degree in Zoology from the University of Chicago and he also left the university of Chicago, to become a graduate student at Indiana university. Watson had received his PhD degree from Indiana University in 1950, Salvador Luria was his doctoral advisor.


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Technologies that allow rapid sequencing of large amounts of DNA are being developed.The DNA has changed the world by helping scientist understand about the person and why they have certain things. The DNA sequencing has advanced the about genetics and is only needs one method to test for genetic disorders. The Sanger sequencing has helped scientist know the human genetic code.

How has DNA changed the world?

One of the landmark papers in phage genetics was published by Watson in 1949. Watson’s PhD thesis was a study of the thing that happened of hard X-rays on bacteriophage multiplication in 1950. Watson’s award for the National Research Council fellowship grants to investigate the molecular structure of proteins in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Important Discoveries:

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By: Arella Wee

The DNA has been used for more research on health, for example why people have mental issues. Scientist can understand the reasons why people have mental issues and research on the reasons of mental issues. Almost every major mental illness has been known with a gene(s).DNA has helped scientist understand why people have mental issues and to research the genetic testing and help with the medication. Genetic test are quite accurate in helping find the most helpful medication for a environmental, genetic or both.

Main Areas in Research:

The use of the DNA:

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Just some music to go with the glogster: Mission Impossible


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