James Baldwin

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by Ashleyjune399
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Writers Biographies
Grade:
9

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James Baldwin

Accomplishments

1945: Eugene F. Saxton Memorial Trust Award.1948: Rosenwald Foundation Fellowship.1954: Guggenheim Fellowship.1956: Partisan Review Fellowship. National Institute of Arts and Letters Award.1958: Ford Foundation Fellowship.1962: National Conference of Christians and Jews Brotherhood Award.1963: George Polk Award.1964: The Foreign Drama Critics Award. Honorary Doctor of Letters Degree, University of British Columbia.1976: Honorary Doctor of Letters Degree, Morehouse College.1986: La Légion D’Honneur, France’s highest honor, awarded by President François Mitterand.

Early Life

He started writing short stories and book reviews. In 1946, he published his first book review in The Nation, on Maxim Gorki. In 1948, he published his first short story in Commentary: "Previous Condition." Richard Wright helped him become a writer. He traveled to France at age 24. In 1949, he published his first essay in Partisan Review: "Everybody's Protest Novel." During his trip to Europe, he finished his first novel, Go Tell It On The Mountain, in Switzerland and in 1953, Knopf published the novel. In 1955, his first play, The Amen Corner, was produced. In 1956, his second novel, Giovanni's Room, was published by Dial. Giovanni's Room was about homosexuality and race issues.

Citations

"James Baldwin - Biography." James Baldwin. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2014.PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2014.PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014.

Childhood

James Baldwin

Ashley Rodriguez2/6/14

He was born on August 2, 1924 in Harlem Hospital, New York City, NY. His mother was Emma Berdis Jones and his step father was David Balwin, who was a factory worker and a preacher. James never knew his biological father. He had eight siblings, three brothers and five sisters. He started preaching at Fireside Pentecostal Assembly at age 14. He later graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School in the Bronx. He moved out and lived in Greenwich Village, New York.

Death/Current Status

On December 1, 1987, James Baldwin died of stomach cancer in St. Paul de Vence, France. His funeral was in New York's Cathedral of St. John the Divine and thousands attended. Although he had no kids or family, he was known as one of the most important and vocal spokesperson for equal rights.


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