[2015] Walter Rozek: Jacques Cartier_final

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by mitkoff
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Explorers and Discovers
Grade:
5

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[2015] Walter Rozek: Jacques Cartier_final

1491

1557

The King of France--------------------------------Importance of ExplorationCartier's explorations were important because he was the first European to explore the interior of what is now Canada for the French to explore and settle.

1534

1535-36

1541-42

1520

Jaques Cartier1491-1557

Born Dec. 31, 1491 in St. Malo, Brittany, France

Married Catherine Des Granches

First VoyageApril-Sept. 1534

Second VoyageMay 1535-July 1536

Third VoyageMay 1541-Oct.1542

He likely died of typhus or spotted fever in St. Malo, France on Sept. 1, 1557.

1. Cartier is known for naming Canada2. He is credited for the discovery of Prince Edward Island3. Cartier used captured Native Americans to guide one of his voyages.4. Cartier brought captured Iroqois back to France to tell the King about another great river streching west.5. After three voyages, Cartier returned with nothing more than worthless minerals and France did not have interest in North America for more than 50 years.

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Little is known about his early life. He would have been well educated and studied cartography, navigations, astronomy, seamanship and mathematics. Cartier married the daughter of St. Malo's chevalier de roi and constable. He lived in Dieppe which was the home to other famous explorers such as Champlain, Ribault and Verrazzano. Cartier likely earned his experience and favor to the King from taking voyages with Verranzzano.

Cartier searched for a western route to Asia using a northern waterway but found and explored the St. Lawrence River and claimed it for France.

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