[2015] Abby Johnson: Jacques Cartier

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by klimeks
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
Explorers and Discovers

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[2015] Abby Johnson: Jacques Cartier

LifeJacques Cartier was a French mariner and explorer. He was born in December of 1491 in Saint-Malo, France. In his lifetime, he completed three voyages to the "northern lands" of Canada. Although his expeditions did not succeed in the missions of finding a passage to Asia, gold or spices, Cartier's journies are considered to be the gateway of French settlement in North America. He died in Saint-Malo, France in September 1557.

Jacques Cartier

Cartier was sent by King Francis I to the explore North America to search for gold, spices, and a passage to Asia. His first voyage took off in April of 1534, with two ships anf 61 men. When Cartier and crew arrived in Newfoundland, they explored coast, discovered Prince Edward Island, and sailed through the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Cartier kidnapped two sons of an Iroquois chief and brought them back to France.

First Voyage

King Francis was impressed by the stories of fertile land from the Indian boys. Cartier was sent again to establish a colony. The Indians served as guides for the three ships and 110 men. Cartier sailed downriver and learned of westward wealth from the Iroquois (rivers lead west, with gold, spices, and a passage to Asia). Cartier angered the Iroquois, and returned to France, telling the king of the possible riches.

The Third Voyage included five ships. Cartier was no longer searching for a passage to Asia. He was sent to establish a permanent settlement for France on the St. Lawrence River. A group of colonists were to come a month later to settle. The French-city of Quebec was established. Cartier found what he thought to be gold and diamonds and fled back to France before the colonists arrived.

Second Voyage

Third Voyage

LegacyJacques Cartier is remembered for exploring the Saint Lawrence River, laying claims for French land in Canada, and giving Canada it's name.


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