J. Robert Oppenheimer

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies

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J. Robert Oppenheimer

Major AwardsIn 1963, President John F. Kennedy announced Oppenheimer would receive the Enrico Fermi Award. After Kennedy's assassination, President Lyndon B. Johnson presented the award to him in December of that year.

J. Robert Oppenhiemer

J Robert Oppenhiemer created the first atomic bomb used in WWII.

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1. He made the first atomic bomb used in WWII, making him also known as the "father of the atomic bomb". 2. He was an American nuclear physicist and director of the Los Alamos Laboratory (Manhattan Project).

J. Robert Oppenheimer was born on April 22, 1904, in New York City, to German Jewish immigrants. After graduating from Harvard University, Oppenheimer sailed to England and enrolled at the University of Cambridge, where he began his atomic research at the Cavendish Laboratory in 1925.

Fun Facts

Early Life

Historical Happenings

After the 1939 invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, Oppenheimer was selected to administer a laboratory to carry out the Manhattan Project, the program that developed the first nuclear weapon during World War II. After the 1939 invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, Oppenheimer was selected to administer a laboratory to carry out the Manhattan Project, the program that developed the first nuclear weapon during World War II.

Biography

1. Niels Bohr and other European scientists informed their American contemporaries about the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute’s successful attempt of splitting the atom in 1939.2.President Roosevelt was much concerned that the Nazis may utilize this extraordinary technology to create an atomic weapon. This fear led him to institute the Manhattan Project in 1941.3. After extensive hard work and rigorous struggle, the first nuclear bomb was exploded on July 16, 1945.4. Oppenheimer, due to his conscience and regrets over making such horrible weapons of mass destruction, opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb in 1949. 5. He died of throat cancer on February 18, 1967, in Princeton, New Jersey.

1. Niels Bohr2. Albert Einstien 3. Leo Szilard

Important Dates

ImportantScientists

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References

1. http://www.biography.com/people/j-robert-oppenheimer-9429168#life-after-wwii 2. http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Oppenheimer.shtml3. http://www.atomicheritage.org/profile/j-robert-oppenheimer4. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/1966/mar/17/on-albert-einstein/

Danielle PietrangeloP.7


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