Italy

by anapf
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
World Languages
Subject:
English
Grade:
7

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Italy

Used mainly:In the numbers of the chapters and volumes of a work.Acts and scenes of a play.In the names of popes, Kings and emperors.In the designation of congresses, assemblies, Olympics, competitions...

ROMAN NUMBERSThe Romans wrote the numbers with letters. The years, chapters of books, and some dates, still be written in this format as well.

Italy

Example 1: Write the following number into roman numeralsNumber Roman numeral1 5 10 15 20 30 50 60 75 84 97 100 150 500 1000

These romans are crazy

Letters I V X L C D M Values 1 5 10 50 100 500 1.000

1. WHAT IS THE ROMAN NUMBERING?2. WHAT RULES YOU MUST USE?3. WHAT THAT LETTERS BE USED?4. HOW TO BE USED?5. WHERE EVER SEEN THEM.

Roman numerals:It is a numbering system that uses letters has been assigned to a numeric value.This type of numbering should be used as little as possible, especially by the difficulties of reading and writing which presents.

Write the following numbers :DV LIV VIII XVI XIX CCIII

I The easiest way to note down a number is to make that many marks - little I's. Thus I means 1, II means 2, III means 3. However, four strokes seemed like too many....V So the Romans moved on to the symbol for 5 - V. Placing I in front of the V — or placing any smaller number in front of any larger number — indicates subtraction. So IV means 4. After V comes a series of additions - VI means 6, VII means 7, VIII means 8.X means 10. But wait — what about 9? Same deal. IX means to subtract I from X, leaving 9. Numbers in the teens, twenties and thirties follow the same form as the first set, only with X's indicating the number of tens. L means 50. Based on what you've learned, I bet you can figure out what 40 is. If you guessed XL, you're right = 10 subtracted from 50. And thus 60, 70, and 80 are LX, LXX and LXXX.C stands for centum, the Latin word for 100. A centurion led 100 men. We still use this in words like "century" and "cent." The subtraction rule means 90 is written as XC. Like the X's and L's, the C's are tacked on to the beginning of numbers to indicate how many hundreds there are: CCCLXIX is 369.D stands for 500. As you can probably guess by this time, CD means 400. So CDXLVIII is 448. (See why we switched systems?)M is 1,000. You see a lot of Ms because Roman numerals are used a lot to indicate dates. For instance, this page was written in the year of Nova Roma's founding, 1998 CE (Common Era; Christians use AD for Anno Domini, "year of our Lord"). That year is written as MCMXCVIII. But wait! Nova Roma counts years from the founding of Rome, ab urbe condita. By that reckoning Nova Roma was founded in 2751 a.u.c. or MMDCCLI. Larger numbers were indicated by putting a horizontal line over them, which meant to multiply the number by 1,000. Hence the V at left has a line over the top, which means 5,000. This usage is no longer current, because the largest numbers usually expressed in the Roman system are dates, as discussed above.


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