Italian Unification and Nationalism

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Italian Unification and Nationalism

Before the UnificationItaly was separated into small kingdoms. There was no political structure at all. Many of the small kingdoms fought and were rivals. Some Italian leaders decided to start asking for citizens to show Nationalism. This era was known as the Italian Risorgimento or "The Resurrection"

Jamie Maresca

U.S Civil War Italy's Unification had effected the U.S. and other nation's foreign policy. During the Civil war, U.S. did not want the confederate Soldiers to flee to the Italian Peninsula for safety. Italy declared that, no confederate ships would be allowed at all in the Italian ports.

U.S. Recognition of ItalyItaly was not recognized as a nation by U.S. early on. However, when Italy put Chevalier Joseph Bertinalti as minister, the U.S. recognized Italy as a nation.

Italian Unification and Nationalism

Proclamation of the Italian KingdomThe war brought Italy to many plebiscites. This led them to vote to have Piedmont- Sardinia join Italy, in goal to unify the peninsula. Garibaldi lead a march to join the two Sicilies and bring in the bottom section of the peninsula. Soon they became the Kingdom of Italy with the Royal family of Piedmont-Sardinia as the monarchs.

Franco -Austrian WarAustria had declared war on Italy in 1859. The war launched the conflict to Unify Italy. Austrians were defeated many times by the Italians. Italians were soon able to Unify Italy.

Giuseppe MazziniMazzini was constantly known as the "Soul" of the Nationalism in Italy. He established an organization called young Italy, whoese main goal was to unite Italy. Mazzini wanted Italy to become a republic after it was united. He believed the only way to resolve this conflict as through Revolution. He led people into Rome to take over and succeded.

Giuseppe Garibaldi Known as the "sword" of Italian Nationalism. Led a group of Red Shirts, who defeated the opposed forces to the unification. They forced Italy to a political unit.

Camillo Cavour Considered as the "Brain" of the Nationalism. He was a skilled diplomat. He got the French during the Franco- Austrian war. Once Italy was unified he put Victor Emanuel II on the throne.

Movement of the CapitalAt the Start of the kingdom of Italy, the capital was in Florence. Later on, Italy moved it to Rome.

Incorporation of Rome France blocked Italy from going to the Papal States to Unify the Peninsula. Russia declared war on France which gave Italy an opening to take over the Papal States. Italy then annexed Papal States and Rome to the kingdom of Italy.

Modern World Significance. - Led to birth of colonial ambition- Gave strength to the Mediterranean Sea- "Fascist Italy was officially called the Italian Empire" (Italian Unification).- Alliance with Germany in WWII collapsed Italy- Italy worked to unify Europe- Fighting between EU members ended.


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