Issac Newton

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies

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Issac Newton

He studied many classic philosophers and astronomers such as Aristotle, Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Rene Descartes, and Galileo. Legend has it that Newton got his inspiration for gravity when he saw an apple fall from a tree on his farm. Cambridge closed for two years because of a plague. When it reopened, Newton returned.  He later became a professor there.Newton had many leadership roles. He was the warden of the Royal Mint, which meant he took care of the country’s money. He was also the president of the Royal Society. Newton was brilliant, but he was difficult to be around. He argued with other scientists and was often grumpy. Sir Isaac Newton was born prematurely. He was tiny and very weak. He was not expected to live, but he did. Sir Isaac Newton loved school, math and science as a child. When he was 12, his mother returned for him after her second husband died. She pulled him out of school to make him a farmer. He did not like farming. Finally, he went back to school. When Newton went to college, he waited tables and cleaned the rooms of wealthy students.

S C I E N T I F I C B I O G R A P H I E S

B I O G R A P H Y

Gravity - Newton is probably most famous for discovering gravity. Outlined in the Principia, his theory about gravity helped to explain the movements of the planets and the Sun. This theory is known today as Newton's law of universal gravitation.  Laws of Motion - Newton's laws of motion were three fundamental laws of physics that laid the foundation for classical mechanics.  Calculus - Newton invented a whole new type of mathematics which he called "fluxions." Today we call this math calculus and it is an important type of math used in advanced engineering and science.  Reflecting Telescope - In 1668 Newton invented the reflecting telescope. This type of telescope uses mirrors to reflect light and form an image. Nearly all of the major telescopes used in astronomy today are reflecting telescopes.

V I D E O

F A C T S

Issac Newton

Isaac Newton is considered one of the most important scientists in history. During his lifetime Newton developed the theory of gravity, the laws of motion, a new type of mathematics called calculus, and made breakthroughs in the area of optics such as the reflecting telescope.

I N V E N T I O N S


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