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by bspangher18
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
Religious Studies

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The prophet Muhammad was born 570 CE in Mecca on the Arabian Peninsula, Muhammed's journey from Mecca to Medina is called the hegira.


The Bedouins are a seminomadic group of people. Their name means desert dwellers in Arabic.

Abu Bakr,was a senior companion and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE, when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death.

Muslims believe the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel gradually over a period of approximately 23 years

Caliph was the person acting in Muhammad's place after his death

There was a bitter religious and political struggle between the followers of a more traditional Islamic faith, who were called Sunnis, and the more radical followers of Ali, who were called Shiites The Sunnis won, and established the Umayyad dynasty, with its capital at Damascus in Syria.

The Abbasid dynasty descended from Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib They ruled as caliphs, for most of their period from their capital in Baghdad in modern-day Iraq, after taking back authority of the Muslim empire from the Umayyads in 750 CE

Sufism is a Muslim movement whose followers seek to find divine truth and love through direct encounters with God. Sufism arose from within Islam in the 8th-9th centuries C.E. as an ascetic movement.

Islamic calligraphy, or Arabic calligraphy, is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the Arabic language and alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage.It is known in Arabic as khatt , which derived from the word 'line', 'design', or 'construction'.

A minaret is a tall slender tower with a balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer.


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