Islam

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by Carolinedarr
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies

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Islam

Islam

Faith at your FingertipsThe religion of Islam was founded by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia around the 7th century C.E. Muhammad was believed to communicate with the one and only God Allah. Muhammad recorded the words of Allah in the Quran while Muhammad's own words of wisdom were recorded in the Hadith. Followers of Islam are referred to as Muslims, who communicate with Allah directly by praying. Before they pray, Muslims wash their hands, feet, and face. Praying is a ritual that the Muslims demonstrate numerous times a day. The rules that the Muslim people live by are known as the "Five Pillars" which are testimony of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage. Muslims practice these pillars in their everyday life. Two of the major holidays that the Muslims are active in are Eid al-fitr and Eid al-adha. In Eid Al-adha, the Muslims sacrifice an animal to commemorate the prophet Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. To contrast, Eid al-fitr is celebrated at the end of a month of fasting called Ramadan. On Eid al-fitr, Muslims wear their finest clothes, display lights and decorations around their houses, visit family, and most importantly, give food and money to those in need. Ramadan itself is a holiday that began this year on July 9th. These are the only official holidays in Islam, but there are several unofficial holidays that are also recognized. Muharram, or the Islamic New Year, is celebrated on the first day of the Islamic month, Muharram. This holiday is celebrated quietly with prayer. Also, Mawlid al-nabi is celebrated to celebrate Muhammad's birthday. This holiday is celebrated with recollections of Muhammad's life. The main ritual that Muslims demonstrate is fasting which is shown in Ramadan. In the Quran, men and women are not regarded as different, but in most Muslim laws, women do not have their own decision on choices such as marriage, divorce, and custody of children. Women are expected to be obedient wives while the men are the protectors. Finally, in some Islamic countries women are expected to wear a burqa whenever they leave their homes so that they are dressed modestly in the public setting. There is no real hierarchy in Islam because anyone who wants to learn the teachings of Allah are given the right to do so. An important celebration is on Fridays when Muslims gather in congregation at the mosque. In the majority of Muslim countries, Fridays are the weekly holidays

Works CitedHuda. “Introduction to Islam.” About.com Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013."Islamic Holidays, A.H. 1427–1435 (2006–2014)." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013."Islams Women - Muslim Woman Status, Rights, Hijab, Marriage, and More.." Islams Women - Muslim Woman Status, Rights, Hijab, Marriage, and More.. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013."Muhammad (prophet of Islam)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013."Ramadan Begins." Ramadan Begins. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.

Faith in HistoryThe history of Islam began in the 7th century when Muhammad began teaching his knowledge of God in Arabia. This is shows in dark orange on the map. The rapid spread of Islam is because of truth, reason, and logic, that the Muslim leaders showed.

A Mosque where the Muslims congregate and pray.

A Muslim woman wearing her burqa.

Muslims praying during Ramadan.


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