Islam Flyer

by crojas
Last updated 2 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
10

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Islam Flyer

Islam

The 5 Pillars of Islam1. The Proffesion of Faith - The ShahadaThe most fundamental expression of Islamic beliefs. It simply states that “There is no God but God and Muhammad is his prophet.”2. Daily Prayers - SalatMuslims are expected to pray five times a day. This does not mean that they need to attend a mosque to pray; rather, the salat, or the daily prayer, should be recited five times a day. Muslims can pray anywhere; however, they are meant to pray towards Mecca.3. Alms-Giving—ZakatThe giving of alms is the third pillar. Although not defined in the Qu’ran, Muslims believe that they are meant to share their wealth with those less fortunate in their community of believers.4. Fasting during Ramadan—SaumDuring the holy month of Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, Muslims are expected to fast from dawn to dusk. While there are exceptions made for the sick, elderly, and pregnant, all are expected to refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours.5. Pilgrimage to Mecca—HajjAll Muslims who are able are required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca and the surrounding holy sites at least once in their lives. Pilgrimage focuses on visiting the Kaaba and walking around it seven times. Pilgrimage occurs in the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar.

Significant Religious LeadersMuhammad: The prophet and founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was God's Messenger, sent to confirm the essential teachings of monotheism preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.Abu Bakr: Was Muhammad's companion until Muhammad's death. He suppressed the tribal political and religious uprisings known as the riddah, thereby bringing central Arabia under Muslim control. Then, by undertaking direct expansion from Arabia into Iraq and Syria, he began the Muslim conquests.Umar: Muhammad's long-time friend and advisor. His reign saw the transformation of the Islamic state from an Arabian principality to a world power. Throughout this remarkable expansion, Umar closely controlled general policy and laid down the principles for administering the conquered lands. The structure of the later Islāmic empire, including legal practice, is largely due to him.

Significant accomplishments in art/architecture/literature/etc.1 - The numbering system we use. We no longer use Roman numerals, we use Arabic numerals 2 - Architecture, including the Arabic dome and the Arabic arch. These are repeated in numerous places and ways, all the way from Longwood Plantation house in Natchez Mississippi to the Egyptian Theater in Hollywood 3 - Sanitation systems. The Arabs, unlike the Christians of the Middle Ages, actually believed one should bathe before going to pray. When the Arabs/Moors invaded Spain they were appalled at the horrible sanitation systems.


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