Isaac Newton

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by HSDEvanPassalinqua
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
10

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Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton, one of the world's greatest scientist and inventor, made many amazing things in the late 1600's and early 1700's. Aside from his achievements and inventions, Newton faced many obstacles. Newton's fathered died before he was even born, and his Mother was remarried at about age 3 leaving Isaac in the care of his grandparents. Newton also had psychological problems culminated in what would now be called a nervous breakdown in mid-1693, when, after five nights of sleeping 'not a wink', he temporarily lost all grip on reality and became convinced that his friends Locke and Pepys were conspiring against him. During Newton's time the scientififc revolution was in motion, and the plague actually reached near his univesity. Isaac made many contributions to society, Mathematics, and the Scientific Revolution. Some of those contributions include his discovery or creation of calculus (His greatest contribution to matematics),

Accomplishments

1670's - Newton attends Cambridge and works on mathematics there in his home.1684 - Newton completes his calculations on gravity and shares them with Halley, who urges him to publish.1686 - Newton presents his book Principia to the Royal Society, and in 87 publishes it.1689 - Newton elected as Cambridge's representative to Parliament.1699 - Newton named master of the Mint. 1713 - Second edition of the Principia published.March 20, 1727 - Death of Sir Isaac Newton, in London.

Newton attended Cambridge University, and later became a professor of mathematics there and wrote his major work. Newton invented the refracting telescope which was used greatly during his time, but later reinforcd its lenses and invented a clearer reflecting telescope. Newton also invented the idea of calculus. Another great accomplishment of Newton is that he was named the greatest genius of the scientific Revolution.

Lasting Impact

Newton's discoveries on motion and gravity have formed the basic principles of physics. Those laws are still recited by physics students everywhere. Newton's creation of calculus has not only impacted his day and helped with building houses and such, but is still studied today by engineers and statistic scholars. Also, in Newton's book Principia, he explains the workings of the solar system as well as why the moon orbits Earth and not vice-versa.

Citations

Fennel, Jeff. "Facts about Isaac Newton: Laws, Discoveries' Contributions." Education Portal. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.Silverman, Jacob. ''How Isaac Newton Worked.'' HowStuffWorks.com. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.Iliffe, Rob. ''Isaac Newton's Personal Life.'' The Newton Project. Web. 2014.Whipps, Heather. "How Isaac Newton Changed the World." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 8 June 2008. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Isaac Newton1642-1727

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