Isaac Newton

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by Kirbydr
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
9

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Isaac Newton

Christian Testimony

-Laws of Motion:1st Law of Motion: An object will continue moving (or staying still) unless acted upon by an external force2nd Law of Motion: Force = Mass x Acceleration3rd Law of Motion: When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to that of the first body-Calculus-Law of Cooling

Isaac Newton was a devout Christian. He believed that God was the creator of the universe and that scientific investigation would lead to a greater knowledge of Him. Newton was a member of the Anglican church, where he attended services. He paid for Bibles to be distributed among the poor and served on a commission to build fifty new churches in the London area. Many days and weeks were spent studying the Bible, especially miracles and prophecy. He would calculate dates and examine the authorship of the books in the Old Testament. Those around him were impressed by Newton's knowledge of the Bible (Lamont; Hummel).

Discoveries/Inventions

Biographical Summary

Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton was born prematurely on Christmas Day, 1642. His father was a prosperous local farmer who died three months before Isaac was born. His mother Hanna remarried and left him in the care of his grandmother. This experience greatly contributed to his lifelong sense of insecurity (Hatch; "Isaac Newton Biography" 1). When his mother returned in 1653, she pulled him out of school so he could become a farmer. After failing at this because he found it monotonous, he returned to The King's School in Lincolnshire (Hatch; "Isaac Newton Biography" 1). In 1661, he left for the University of Cambridge's Trinity College, where he intended to become a minister. In order to pay for tuition, he worked many hours daily serving meals and working for the professors. He graduated without honors or distinction, and in 1665, the university closed due to a plague epidemic (Hatch; Lamont). Consequently, he returned home to Woolsthorpe, where he spent 18 months in fruitful private study. It was here where he thought about gravity, conceived his methods of calculus, laid the foundations for his theory of light and color, and gained insight into the laws of planetary motion ("Isaac Newton (1643)"; Hatch). Two years later, in 1667, he returned to the university, where he was elected minor fellow (an incorporated member) of Trinity College. Before his 27th birthday in 1669, upon receiving his Master of Arts degree and having his work recognized among the mathematics community, he succeeded Isaac

Quick Facts

-Born: December 25, 1642

Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom

-Died: March 31, 1727

Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom

-Occupations: philosopher,mathematician, physicist,astronomer, theorist

Barrow as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics (Hatch). Newton's reflecting telescope finally brought him to the attention of the scientific community and in 1672, he was appointed fellow of the Royal Society. In the following years, he conducted experiments on the composition of light, and established the modern study of optics. He also studied and published works in areas such as history, theology, alchemy, optics, and physics. During this time, he also experienced a serious emotional breakdown in 1678, and his mother died the following year ("Isaac Newton (1643)"; Hatch). In 1689, Newton was elected member of parliament for Cambridge University. In 1693, he experienced another nervous breakdown, but recovered quickly, writing apology letters to friends and returning to work. Newton was appointed warden of the Royal Mint in 1696, where he reformed the currency and severely punished counterfeiters. In 1703, he was elected president of the Royal Society, which was an office that he held until his death. Finally, he was knighted by Queen Anne of England in 1705 ("Isaac Newton (1643)"; "Isaac Newton Biography" 5-6). Toward the end of this life, Newton lived with his niece and her husband. By this time, Newton had become one of the most famous men in Europe. He had also become wealthy, and made wise investments along with making donations to charity. His scientific discoveries were uchallenged. He died in England in 1827, at the age of 80 ("Isaac Newton Biography" 6).

-Reflecting telescope >

<-White Light is composed of component colors

-Law of Universal Gravitation

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