Irish Immigration

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by Huck1234
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Irish Immigration

-In 1845, Ireland experienced a devasting potato famine. A fungus decimated potato crops, and famine spread all throughout Ireland. Starvation plagued the land, and within 5 years, 1 million Irish had died, and 1/2 a million had arrived in America to start a new life.This potato famine is credited with launching the second wave of Irish immigration to America. -This is why there was a huge influx of Irish immigrants during the mid 19th Century-Many Irish immigrants came seeking a new life and the economic advantages that America could offer*Most Irish immigrants settled in urban areas like New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Montreal, and Quebec

Opression They Faced

-Upon arriving in America, Irish immigrants faced terrible oppression-Many Irish were oppressed because they were Catholic, while many people living in America were Protestant-Anti-immigrant groups developed in the major cities. People reacted to increased Irish immigration with violent riots and increased demands for limits on immigrants' rights- Anti-Catholic riots and vandalism against Catholic institutions was common-Shop keepers posted signs in their stores saying 'No Irish Need Apply' (see below)- 'The Irish were forced to work at the least desired occupations and live in crowded ethnic ghettoes'-They were thought of as drunkards and troublemakers just because they were different and had different customs-There was a widespread negative opinion of Irish immigrants

Why did they emmigrate?

Irish Immigration[and oppression]

"No Irish Need Apply"

Anti-Irish, Anti-Catholic riots in Philadelphia in 1844

Stereotypes

-Drunkards-Trouble-makers-Hot Headed-Old Fashioned-Uncivilized-UnskilledThe above is an illustration in the newspaper Harper’s Weekly, shown as 'evidence' of Black and Irish inferiority

-It is estimated that as many as 4.5 million Irish arrived in America between 1820 and 1930.- 30,528,492 Americans and 3,822,660 Canadians claimed Irish descent-Between 1820 and 1860, the Irish accounted for over one third of all immigrants to the US

Stats:

1882 illustration (cartoon) depicting Irish immigrants as troublemakers, with the other nationalities not being troublesome

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