Irish Immigration

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by Huck1234
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Irish Immigration

-In 1845, Ireland experienced a devasting potato famine. A fungus decimated potato crops, and famine spread all throughout Ireland. Starvation plagued the land, and within 5 years, 1 million Irish had died, and 1/2 a million had arrived in America to start a new life.This potato famine is credited with launching the second wave of Irish immigration to America. -This is why there was a huge influx of Irish immigrants during the mid 19th Century-Many Irish immigrants came seeking a new life and the economic advantages that America could offer*Most Irish immigrants settled in urban areas like New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Montreal, and Quebec

Opression They Faced

-Upon arriving in America, Irish immigrants faced terrible oppression-Many Irish were oppressed because they were Catholic, while many people living in America were Protestant-Anti-immigrant groups developed in the major cities. People reacted to increased Irish immigration with violent riots and increased demands for limits on immigrants' rights- Anti-Catholic riots and vandalism against Catholic institutions was common-Shop keepers posted signs in their stores saying 'No Irish Need Apply' (see below)- 'The Irish were forced to work at the least desired occupations and live in crowded ethnic ghettoes'-They were thought of as drunkards and troublemakers just because they were different and had different customs-There was a widespread negative opinion of Irish immigrants

Why did they emmigrate?

Irish Immigration[and oppression]

"No Irish Need Apply"

Anti-Irish, Anti-Catholic riots in Philadelphia in 1844


-Drunkards-Trouble-makers-Hot Headed-Old Fashioned-Uncivilized-UnskilledThe above is an illustration in the newspaper Harper’s Weekly, shown as 'evidence' of Black and Irish inferiority

-It is estimated that as many as 4.5 million Irish arrived in America between 1820 and 1930.- 30,528,492 Americans and 3,822,660 Canadians claimed Irish descent-Between 1820 and 1860, the Irish accounted for over one third of all immigrants to the US


1882 illustration (cartoon) depicting Irish immigrants as troublemakers, with the other nationalities not being troublesome



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