Inventor

by matosa9
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Inventors and Inventions
Grade:
4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

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Inventor

Road BlocksA biography on the U.S. National Library of Medicine website explained how Patricia Bath recalls experiencing sexism and racism and how those factors, as well as poverty all made her life and goals more challenging. Bath noticed few black physicians especially those who were female where she lived. Around the era she lived in, many blacks were excluded from several medical schools. Paying for school was also challenging and the biography talks about how her mother scrubbed floors to help send Patricia to medical school. It also discusses how she suffered discrimination at the universities she worked for. This as well as other reasons led her to make the decision in taking her research abroad to Europe. She wanted to make sure she wasn't held back or have her research “obstructed by the “glass ceilings”” because of her gender or skin color (nlm.nih.gov).

Ophthalmologist and Inventor

How it works?

About InventionThe invention is called Laserphaco Probe and its a laser technologolical device that creates a less painful and more precise treatment of cataracts. With this invention Dr. Bath was able to help provide sight to individuals that were blind for several years.

Do not allow your mind to be imprisoned by majority thinking. Remember that the limits of science are not the limits of imagination." - Dr. Patricia Bath

BiographyPatricia E. Bath was born on November 4, 1942 in Harlem, New York.. Her father was a motorman for the NYC subway system and her mom was a house wife and domestic worker. Bath attended Hunter College where she graduated with her bachelors degree. She received her medical degree at Howard University and completed a fellowship of ophthalmology in Columbia University. While interning at Harlem Hospital, it was there where she noticed the severity of blindness and through a study, she noticed that the risk of blindness in African Americans doubled compared to Whites. She concluded that this was due to a lack of access to eye care and created a new discipline called community ophthalmology that offers primary care to underserved communities. In 1974, Bath became an assistant professor of ophthalmology at UCLA and an assistant professor of surgery at Charles R. Drew University. In 1977, she co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, which established that ''eyesight is a basic human right'' (nlm.nih.gov). In 1981, Dr. Bath began to work on her invention Laserphaco Probe which she completed in 1986. She retired from UCLA in 1993 but has been an advocate of telemedicine which is the use of electronic communication to provide medical services to areas where health care is limited.

She was the first: - African American to complete a residency in ophthalmology.- Woman to chair an ophthalmology residency program in the United States- African American female doctor to secure a medical patent.

Work Cited Websites on Dr. Patricia Bath:https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/aframsurgeons/morenotable.htmlhttps://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_26.htmlhttp://www.biography.com/people/patricia-bath-21038525http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/inventors/bath.htm

Dr. Patricia E. Bath

Laserphaco Probe

Role ModelsDr. Bath's role models were her family physician Dr. Cecil Marquez and Dr. Albert Schweitzer (she read many of is humanitarian works in newspapers).


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