International Museum of Surgical Science

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by MrPeppajack
Last updated 6 years ago

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International Museum of Surgical Science

International Musuem of Surgical Science

The History of the X-ray

In 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen discovered the X-ray. The X-ray was a revolutionary invention that helped doctors and physicians accurately diagnose injuries to bones. An X-ray is a photographic or digital image of the internal makeup of an object. These X-rays allow us to see through an object like an arm or leg and provide us with an image of the bone. The photograph above shows us one of the first X-ray images of Wilhelm Roentgen’s wife’s hand. The invention of the X-ray not only gave doctors and physicians a helpful tool, but it also lead on to other medical technology like CAT scans, MRI’s, and ultrasound.

The History of the MRI

The invention of the X-ray was one of many photographic tools. With the creation of the MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) doctors were able to look at a detailed photograph of the human anatomy. An MRI works by a person entering the MRI scan machine where magnetic fields and radiowaves are used to produce an image. This amazing invention by Raymond Damadian in 1972, led to early detection and diagnosis of cancer and tumors. Since 1972 the MRI has been used to diagnose many different kinds of internal injuries and diseases in a short amount of time.

The Japan Hall of Fame

The Japan Hall of Fame exhibit exalted the phenomenal work early Japanese doctors and physicians did. Pioneers like Komei Nakayama, and Seishu Hanaoka helped shape the techniques and procedures we use today. Surgeon Seishu Hanaoka worked with anesthesia. Seishu helped 153 breast cancer patients with the use of anesthesia in the 18th century. Komei Nakayama, a famous surgeon, was a leader in gastrointestinal surgery. He published his own book on gastrointestinal surgery and influenced many techniques used in the operation room today.

Polio Exhibit

Polio is a dangerous disease that affects a person’s ability to use their muscles and lead to apnea (inability to breathe). The Polio exhibit highlighted the March of Dimes foundation with posters from the 1930’s-1940’s after President Franklin D. Roosevelt started the foundation. The exhibit also featured an iron lung. An iron lung is a ventilation device used to provide breathing assistance for someone who has lost that ability.

Personal Experience and Reflection

The International Museum of Surgical Science (IMSS) is a stellar museum. As soon as we arrived a demonstration of an amputation depicted in the late 1800’s put me in the mood to learn more. From ancient philosophies of Hippocrates to the modern surgical tools used in everyday surgery, the IMSS has it all. I was so grateful I had the opportunity to travel to Chicago and learn more about the subjects and history about the careers I am interested in. The IMSS provided me with the information I needed to learn about the advancements of the medical field. I will be returning to the museum again next year and I know I will learn something new.


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