Intellectual Disabilities

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by lindseygordon22
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Intellectual Disabilities

Jarrold, C., & Braddeley, A. (2001). Short-term memory in down syndrome: Applying the working memory model. Retrieved from http://www.down-syndrome.org/ reviews/110/

Children with intellectual disabilities:~sit up, carwl, or walk later than other children~learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking,~find it hard to remember things,~not understand how to pay for things,~have trouble understanding social rules,~have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions,~have trouble solving problems, and/or have trouble thinking logically

One way that intellectual disabilities are diagnosed are through IQ levels. The average person has an IQ of 100. People diagnosed with intellectual disabilities have an IQ of 75 or below. This is known as intellectual functioningAnother important way to diagnose is to take a look at whether or not the individual has the skills necessary to live on their own. This is known as -Examples of this include: ~ communication skills ~ daily living (eating, dressing, bathroom) ~ social skills

Definition:Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and in skills such as communicating, taking care of him or herself, and social skills. These limitations will cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than a typical child

Intellectual Disabilities

Signs of Intellectual Disabilities

Diagnosis

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. (2011, January 11). Intellectual disability. Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/intellectual

Theories of Cognitive Development !

This is particularly difficult for people with intellecual disabilities because it focuses mainly on memory. In the video above, it is mentioned that people with intellectual disabilities have a delay in their verbal short-term memory. It takes them longer than most to retain short-term information. A lot of the time, this is why students with an intellectual disability are not in inclusive classrooms. They need more time to process and learn the information. Most of the time they have the ability to learn the materials, they just need more guidence and a longer period of time.

Information Processing

I believe that people with intellectual disabilities stay in the sensiormotor stage for longer than the average IQ-ed person. They learn things at a different pace and I think that their ability to use their mental representation to solve complex problem comes much later that age two. Because of this, the rest of their stages of development to be delayed. As mentioned in the video above, it takes people with intellectual disabilities longer to process information due to their inability to retain information in their short-term memories sometimes.

Individual Constructivism

The Zone of Proximal Development in people with intellectual disability is lower. They have the ability to perform most tasks, but most need to do it with help from an adult or peer. Most of what these students learn is how to perform these tasks independentally, they do a lot of work woth life skils. Most of these students learn best through social interactions with both peers and adults. Visual learning is key in teaching students with an intellectual disability. They often watch and mimic the words and actions of others.

Social Constructivism

References


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