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Infant Memory

Memory is the process for retrieving and storing information.  There are 3 structures of memory:1.) Sensory Memory2.) Working Memory (short)3.) Long Term Memory When's the earliest age you can recall a memory?More than likely it isn't before 2-4 years of age.

Sensory Memory

The memory structure capable of relatively permanent storage information. These memories can last days, years, or a lifetime. These are the more concrete memories and using involve rehearsal as well as linking it to a meaningful past learning. For example:Using the persons name that you were just introduced to in a sentence is rehearsal linking it to the experience of the introduction for the next time you meet would be how long term memory is used. Failure to retrieve information leads to forgetting. Often times the particular memory is not gone it is rather lost and needs a cue or stimulus to reoccur to help remind you of such.

Long Term Memory

What is memory?

Babies begin to remember things near 2-6 months as unique sounds and even smells of their mother reflect their memory. Sometimes breastfed infants will not even take a bottle if they can smell their mother. At 12 months an infants memory is substantially improved as they have become capable of encoding and retrieving information. Priming also known as a reminder clue for their memory significantly increases the infants previous memory.Recall memory is retained between ages 2-4. For example: A child's father deploys at 12 months and the child is reminded by photos of his father and he will know who he is when he returns. The photos are the priming object for the infants memory. But also that child will not be able to recall this experience of dad being gone when they are older.

When does it begin?

Childhood Memories?


Research Video


Working Memory

The structure of memory that is first encountered by sensory input. Information is maintained in sensory memory for only a fraction of a second.

The structure of memory that can hold a sensory stimulus for up to 30 seconds after the trace decays. Also called short term memory. For Example: When introduced to someone and you repeat their name you are focusing on the stimulus in the sensory register therefore the name is maintained longer in your short term memory.


The more neurogenesis=less memory one can recall which occurs in infants.


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