Infant Development

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by nmcneal1
Last updated 4 years ago

Social Studies

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Infant Development

2 Months-Pays attention to faces-Begins to follow things with eyes and recognize people at a distance


Birth to 1 YearNakisha McNeal

I, Nakisha McNeal, grant permission to freely publish this page.

2 Months-Can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummy-Makes smoother movements with arms and legs4 Months-Holds head steady, unsupported-Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface-


2 Months-Pays attention to faces-Begins to follow things with eyes and recognize people at a distance4 Months-Follows moving things with eyes from side to side-Watches faces closely-Recognizes familiar people and things at a distance

1. Attachment, strong, positive emotional bond between an infant and caregiver, is a crucial factor in development of social relationships.2. Infants begin to develop self-awareness at 12 months.3. Immediately after birth, an infant normally loses about 5 - 10% of his or her birth weight. However, by about age 2 weeks, an infant should start to gain weight and grow quickly.4. Poor nutrition can cause problems with a child's intellectual development.5. By age 4 - 6 months, an infant's weight should be double the birth weight

Kaneshiro, N.K. (2014) Normal growth and development. Retrieved from Retrieved from



Social & Personality(Milestones)



6 Months-Rolls over in both directions (front to back, back to front)-Begins to sit without support9 Months-Sits without support-Pulls to stand12Months-May take steps without holding on-May stand alone

6 Months-Shows curiosity about things and tries to get things that are out of reach-Begins to pass things from one hand to the other9 Months- Pick up things like cereal w/thumb and index finger-Moves things smoothly from one hand to the other12Months-Looks at the right picture or thing when it’s namedCopies gestures

6 Months-Responds to other people’s emotions and often seems happy-Likes to look at self in a mirror9 Months-May be clingy with familiar adults-May be afraid of strangers12Months-Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story-Repeats sounds or actions to get attention

2 Months-Begins to smile at people-Can briefly calm himself (may bring hands to mouth and suck on hand) 4 Months-Smiles spontaneously, especially at people-Likes to play with people and might cry when playing stops-Copies some movements and facial expressions, like smiling or frowning

ActivityTo promote more tummy time (to develop trunk muscles) place child on floor with toys and mirrors. Engage with them. This can be turned into an art activity. Put paper and paint into a ziplock bag and place in front of the child and they can press the paint and "paint" during tummy time.


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