Inequality & Social Movements

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by fernandajuarezt570bbca004e59
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
9

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Inequality & Social Movements

INEQUALITY AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN MEXICO FROM 1810 TO 1982

THE 1968 STUDENT MOVEMENT AND ITS FLUENCE

THE FIRST GUERRILLAS

Few months before the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico, a group of students and teachers gathered at the Plaza de las Tres Culturas to protest for a better education system, but President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz ended this movement with a massacre imprisonment and disappearance of thousands of protestants on October 2nd. The government manipulated the media to keep calm during the Olympic Games. Although the news were given, they expressed as something minor.

At the beginning of the XX century, people were very decimated because of wars, and the countryside was in crisis due to the large migratory movements to cities. The growth of population led to a high increase of pollution.

The leaders were not chosen democratically at those times. They were appointed by the current government, in care of their own interests. Governmental union alliances were the most important, since they could have control over the opposition and keep up with the bureaucracy stage Mexico was going through.

POLITICAL, SOCIAL, AND UNION MOVEMENTS

Inspired by Socialist and Communist movements that erupted around the world, such as the Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro and Ernesto Guevara, many groups of people got together to fight against the government, because of the dissatisfaction corruption, empowerment and enrichment of certain groups caused. One of the first guerrillas occured in 1965, when the group assaulted Madera`s Quarters in Chihuahua. In 1970 many guerrilla groups joined and formed the Communist league. The most important querrilla up to the 1980's took place in September 3rd.

POPULATION EXPLOSION, INTERNAL MIGRATION, DEMAND FOR SERVICES AND POLLUTION

Several manifestations of female empowerment took place in 1952; the first of them was the right to vote. On october 17, 1953, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines reformed the article 34, and acknowledged women as full citizens. In 1974 they received the fundamental principle of legal equality. In 1980, the National Program for the Integration of the Development of Women was created to promote the imrpovement of social conditions for women.

FROM WOMEN'S RIGHTS TO VOTE TO GENDER EQUALITY


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