Industrial Revolution

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by CharlieSmithRTR
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
5

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Industrial Revolution

In 1831, Cyrus McCormick built a horse drawn reaper. It had sharp blades that cut grain. You could harvest land in half the time. In 1837, John Deere, a blacksmith invented the steel plow. It could cut through soil that would break a wooden plow. This made it easier for farmers to plow thick soil on prairies and plains

In the 1700s, most people were farmers. Cloth, tools, and furniture were made by hand in homes and small shops. By the early 1800s people began making goods in factories. New forms of transportation moved people and goods faster than ever before. These changes in transportation and manufacturing are called the Industrial Revolution.

The Industrial Revolution

In 1790, British mechanic Samuel Slater opened the first cotton spinning mill in the US. His machies were like the ones he used in Britain. His mill was set on a river in Rhode Island.In 1793, Eli Whitney invented a cotton engine. Its wire teeth cleaned cotton very quickly. This made the production of cotton to rise from less than 2 million pounds per year in 1790 to 60 million pounds per year in 1805. A few years later Whitney was hired by the US government to make 10,000 guns. He used interchangeable parts. He used a system of "mass production".In 1814, an entrepreneur named Francis Cabot Lowell built a mill near Boston, MA that had both cotton- spinning machines and power looms to weave cloth. It was the first mill in the world to turn raw cotton into finished cloth all under one roof. Within five years Lowell's was spinning 30 miles of cloth a day. The workers in the first textile mills were girls and young women from the New England countryside. They published poems, stories, and essays in a magazine called "The Lowell Offering".

The Industrial Revolution 1790- 1837The Industrial Revolution transformed human life by changing methods of manufacturing, the way people made a living, and the products available to them

A more modern life had begun

Changes in Transportation In the 1800s, dirt roads could not be used in bad weatherThe government built a paved road In the 1800s, dirt roads could not be used in bad weather.The government built a paved road from Maryland to Ohio.People built towns and opened businesses to sell goods.On August 9, 1807, Robert Fulton invented a steamboat that could travelwithout wind or currents. Soon there were many steamboats.In 1825, the Erie Canal opened. This canal made it easier toship goods between Lake Erie and the Hudson River. Manycanals were built. Rivers and canals became the fastest andcheapest way to ship goods.Steam locomotive trains were even faster than steamboats. Trips that took 32 hours by steamboat took only10 hours by train. Soon the United States had thousands ofmiles of railroad track. Factories and farmers sent theirgoods faster to places all over the country.


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