by dbates
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The social and economic changes that mark the transition from a stable agricultural and commercial society to a modern industrial society relying on complex machinery rather than tools yourself

As the 18th cent. began, an expanding and wealthier population demanded more and better goods. In the productive process, coal came to replace wood. Early-model steam engines were introduced to drain water and raise coal from the mines. The crucial development of the Industrial Revolution was the use of steam for power, and the greatly improved engine (1769) of James Watt marked the high point in this development.


The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney on March 14, 1794. This page looks at the background, historical significance, and interesting facts about the cotton gin.

James Watt invented the first reliable steam engine in 1775. Learn more about his invention and the importance of the steam engine in the industrial revolution.

The Industrial Revolution that occurred in the 19th century was of great importance to the economic development of the United States. Industrialization in America involved three important developments. First, transportation was expanded. Second, electricity was effectively harnessed. Third, improvements were made to industrial processes. These improvements were made possible by the great American inventors.



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