India's Road to Independence

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by MiaDolinger
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
7

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India's Road to Independence

In 1918 nationalism in India increased for 2 reasons:1.Educated nationals in India were not satisfied with the Morley-Minto reforms and the Indian National Council wanted power. (The Morley-Minto reforms were when Lord Morley announced that he wanted reforms for India that gave more power to the locals)2.Woodrow Wilson had a lot of people follow him in the belief of national self-determination; the people of a country had the right to govern them-selves. He also said that India would not work unless it was governed by Indians.

After the Amritsar attack many people quickly joined the Indian National Council and it quickly grew in size.Between Gandhi leading more and more non-violent protests and meetings being held more too the british fianlly gave in. They anounced that they would be out of India no later than 1948. And in 1947 the Indian Independece Act was signed. It split India into India and Pakistan. Pakistan is meant to seperate the Hindus' and Muslim's.

India's road to Independence

In 1919, The Government of India Act was introduced. It made a national parliment with two houses for India. It gave about 5 million people in India the right to vote. Within the provincial governments, ministers of education, health, and public works could now be Indian nationals. A commission would be held in 1929, to see if India was ready for more reforms.

Many Tory MP's in Britian were against giving indians a self government. They had 2 complants; If you gave India a little self rule, where would it end? Would it start the process that would lead to the breakup of the British Empire? Because of so many people hating the idea of self rule in India, the reforms were introduced slowly. This angered many Indians and made them want their freedom much more.

Riots broke out and the most infamous one was at Amritsar in the Punjab, a very religous place. More than 379 unarmed protestors were shot to death by british soldiers based their. The people were mostly women and children. 1,200 more people were injured. Lots of people were inraded by this incident and they also thought that the commading office got let off very lighty.


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