[2014] Ben Browne: Indian Removal Timeline (1789-1840)

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[2014] Ben Browne: Indian Removal Timeline (1789-1840)

Indian Removal Timeline(1789-1840)

Andrew Jackson served as president of the United States from 1829-1837 (eight years). He lived from 1767-1845, and wasimportant in Washington DC, southern Georgia, and central Alabama. He also legalized the practice of forcibly removing Native Americans, and often swapped sides, sometimes being for the Indians, sometimes against.

early 1830's - 1840

Alexander McGillivray was a controversial Upper Creek Native American leader in the 1780's and 90's. He persuaded the Creeks to turn over Creek people accused of crimes over to the US courts. He was important in Little Tallassee, Alabama and Rock Landing, Georgia.

1793

1780's - 1790's

1801

1821

1832

1790

1837

1828

1829

1835

On September 24, 1801, John Marshall became the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

On October 3, 1790, John Ross, principal chief of the Cherokee Native Americans, was born. John Ross impacted places such as Tennessee, Washington DC, and Lookout Mountain. He also worked to improve the conditions of the Trail of Tears.

John Marshall was an American man who held several high positions in the US army and government. He also supported the Indians in the Cherokee Nation Vs. Gerogia court case, by stating that Georgia ha no right to force the Cherokees off of their land, but Georgia officials ignored his decision. He died on July 6, 1835.

The court case "Worcester Vs. Georgia" (1832) was when a man named Samuel Worcester said that the Cherokee Indians constituted a nation holding distinct soverign powers, which meant that the Cherokee were creating a nation within a nation, which was not allowed. The court, led by John Marshall, ruled that the individual states had no authority in Native American affairs. Later, Samuel Worcester and a man named Elizur Butler, along with some of their colleagues, were arrested for violating the law that prohibited white people from living in the Cherokee Nation.

From 1828 to 1849, the Dahlonega Gold Rush occured. The DGR was when people discovered and mined gold in Dahlonega andNorth Georgia. The gold happened to be found on Cherokee land, which angered the Cherokee. They were mad at the Americans for digging up gold on their land. The Cherokee talked with the government and the Americans stopped mining gold for a while, but they eventually came back.

William McIntosh, born in ca. 1778, was a controversial Lower Creek Native American leader in early 19th Century Georgia.He made an impact in Carroll County (Indian Springs) and Coweta County, Georgia. He was originally Creek, but became Cherokee when the Creeks didn't like him for giving up their land in the Treaty of Inidian Springs. On April 30, 1825, the Creeks burned McIntosh's house down. McIntosh escaped, but was shot down.

The Trail of Tears was the journey that the Indians were forced to take from parts of the southeast to Oklahoma (which was "designated Indian territory"), because they were driven out of their land. It happened from the early 1830's to 1840, and forced the Native Americans to leave everything that they had behind, except for the clothes on their backs. If a mother's baby died during the day, then she would have to carry it until night, when other burials occured.About 15,000 Native Americas began the journey, and about 4,000 natives didn't finish it alive.

Be sure to check out:http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/trail_of_tears

Sequoyah was a Cherokee silversmith who lived from 1767 to 1843. He was important in Knoxville, Tennessee, San Fernando, California, Arkansas, and Northwest Georgia. In 1821, he independently created a Cherokee syllabary, making reading and writing possible for Cherokees.

On February 17, 1793, Alexander McGillivray died in Pensacola, FL.

1825

In 1828, John Ross became the principal chief of the Cherokee Nation. He then served until 1866, when he died.

Andrew Jacskon started his term as president of the United States.

Indian skirmishes happened in the north, too. In 1832, the Black Hawk War (Indians Vs. Settlers) occured in Illinois and Wisconsin.

by Beneben33


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