India Fight for Independence

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by aadyaa
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
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8

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India Fight for Independence

JALIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE 1919The 1919 Amritsar massacre, known alternatively as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar, was ordered by General R.E.H. Dyer. On Sunday April 13, 1919, which happened to be 'Baisakhi', one of Punjab's largest religious festivals, fifty British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning. Dyer marched his fifty riflemen to a raised bank and ordered them to kneel and fire. Official sources estimated the fatalities at 379, and with 1,100 wounded

PARTITION OF BENGAL 1805In July 1905, Lord Curzon, the Viceroy and Governor-General ordered the partition of the province of Bengal supposedly for improvements in administrative efficiency in the huge and populous region. It also had justifications due to increasing conflicts between Muslims and dominant Hindu regimes in Bengal. However the Indians viewed the partition as an attempt by the British to disrupt the growing national movement in Bengal and divide the Hindus and Muslims of the region. Widespread agitation ensued in the streets and in the press.

QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT 1942The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement was a Civil Disobedience Movement launched by Gandhi for Satyagraha.The movement was accompanied by a mass protest on non-violent lines,Through his passionate speeches, Gandhi moved people by proclaiming “every Indian who desires freedom and strives for it must be his own guide…”. “Let every Indian consider himself to be a free man”, Gandhi declared in his fiery “Do or Die” speech the day the Quit India Movement was declared.The British were prepared for this massive uprising and within a few hours of Gandhi’s speech most of the Indian National Congress leaders were swiftly arrested; most of whom had to spend the next three years in jail, until World War II ended.

SIMON COMMISSION 1927 MADRAS(CHENNAI)in November 1927 the british government appionted the Simon commision under the leadership of "sir john Simon",to look for ways to govern the country better.it consisted of englishmwn without a single indian representative.the congress decided to boycott it.the commission arrived in india in feburary 1928 and was met,with a country wide strike whereever the commision went peaceful demonstraters were beaten up by the police.

DAMDI MARCH 1930 The Indians were prohibited from producing or selling salt independently and were required to buy expensive, heavily taxed salt that often was imported . in early 1930 Gandhi decided to mount a highly visible demonstration by marching through the state of Gujarat from his ashram at Sabarmati(near Ahmedabad) to the town of Dandi (near surat) on the Arabian sea coast he set on foot on march 12,accompanied by several dozen followers on April 5 the followers reached dandi after a journey of some 240 miles (385kms)on the morning of April 6 Gandhi and his followers picked up handfuls of salt along the shore ,this technically producing salt and breaking the law

INDIA FIGHT FOR INDEPENDENCE


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