India During Monsoon Season

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Environmental Studies

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India During Monsoon Season

Latitude and Longitude: 21.0000° N, 78.0000° ENorth:Himalayas, the world's highest mountain chain and Nepal as its neighbouring country, are most of India's northern border. North India is the country's largest region that begins with Jammu and Kashmir, with terrain varying from arid mountains in the far north to the lake country and forests near Srinagar and Jammu. Moving south along the Indus river, the North becomes flatter and more hospitable, widening into the fertile plains of Punjab to the west and the Himalayan foothills of Uttar Pradesh and the Ganges river valley to the East. Located between these two states is the capital city, Delhi. North India lies mainly in the north Temperate zone of the earth. Though cool or cold winters, hot summers and moderate monsoons are the general pattern, North India is one of the most climatically diverse regions on Earth.South:This region of India begins with the Deccan in the north and ends with Kanyakumari. The states in South India are Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. The southeast coast, mirroring the west, also rests snugly beneath a mountain range: the Eastern Ghats, sloping down to the Indian Ocean. Central:Vindhyachal mountain range defines central India, located as they are almost in the middle part of Indian sub-continent. The mountain range of Vindhyachal extends from the state of Gujarat to Bihar, passing through the central Indian states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Sonebhadra and Narmada rivers originate from the Vindhyachal, the mountain range that divides India into two distinct halves: northern India and peninsular India. North East:In the far northeast, the Chin Hills and Kachin Hills, deeply forested mountainous regions, separate India from Myanmar. The Bangladesh-India border is defined by the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills, and the watershed region of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The Patkai, or Purvanchal, are situated near India's eastern border with Myanmar.West:The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, and part of the massive, central state of Madhya Pradesh make up Western India. This area includes some of the best beaches in India. The land along the coast is typically lush with rainforests.

India has some of the hottest temperatures in the world with an average of 100 degree temperatures year round. This is what causes the devastating weather. Monsoon season is from June thru September. They are formed by the hot temperatures from India sucking in the cool temperatures from the ocean. The high and low pressure makes the cloud spin, forming a monsoon. A Monsoon causes heavy flooding and lots of rain. It also has very strong winds. These devastating Monsoons can only form if the water is cool and the temperature is hot, otherwise they won’t happen. Monsoons typically last a couple days.Humans both fear and rely on Monsoons. Farmers need the rain in order to coax seeds to grow in the Summer, since Monsoons cause droughts the rest of the year. Without the Monsoons, almost a billion people would go hungry.

REASON:During India’s monsoon season millions of people lose their homes. We believe that this is because of poorly built housing. So, we will design better homes that will withstand monsoon.CURRENT HOUSING:Most people in India are living in what you and me would call a shack. They have thin concrete walls and rugs on packed dirt floors. During the Monsoon Season, these houses get swept away by floods. These people, hopeful they fed their house, come back with nothing to live in and very little money to rebuild.THE PLAN:When it floods all houses on the ground will be flooded or swept away. What India needs is houses on stilts. These houses will be like apartment builds, but on stilts. These stilts must be strong and at least 5 inches thick. In the center of this square house will be a concrete cylinder that is waterproof. Inside the cylinder there will be stairs to get up to the lobby and down to the street. The cylinder goes all the way up to the 4th floor. The roofs will be able to naturally ventilate. So it won’t be too hot in the summer, but no water will get in during the monsoons. Each apartment can fit up to 6 families with 5 members.If someone doesn’t want to leave their house, but it’s a little weak, they can do the steps below.1.Make sure the ground around your house slopes away from your house.2.Get or maintain your gutter3.Plant plants around your house (they can help soak up water in the soil).4.Fix any cracks in your wall or roof5.Paint a waterproof sealer on your water


India During Monsoon Season


Taking Action


Population: 1,236,686,732 from 2009-2013With a large population natural disasters have a big affect on india because so many people live in one place, so little disasters have big effects, especially during monsoon season.Population Density: 411 per square kilometerThat’s a lot of people in one area! When India gets a storm mostly everyone will be affected in some places because so many people are in one little area. GDP: $1,841,709,755,679That’s a lot of money, but compared to the GDP of the United States it’s not actually that much. The GDP of the U.S. is 16,244,600,000,000. India doesn’t actually have that much money, so when they have to pay for everything to be fixed after a big natural they will lose a lot more of their country’s money because they have a very large population.GDP per capita: $3,700$3,700 is a very low household income. This shows that a lot of people in india live in poverty. If a natural disaster were to hit India and destroy houses some people wouldn’t be able to afford new housing and would be displaced. Average Household Size: 5.3That’s much bigger than the United States with an average household size of of 2.6. India has one of the biggest household sizes, so bigger families will be affected by natural disasters, which could cause more displacement because with more people in a family it’s harder to afford new housing.


Effects of Climate Change on Monsoon

Population Density

Average Annual Rainfall

Scale Drawings


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