Independent History Project

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by Heineman5
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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Independent History Project

Cotton prices plunged from eighteen to six cents a pound. Two thirds of some two million black farmers earned nothing or went into debt.

Professions(Negro Jobs)~ Busboys~ Elevator Operators~ Garbage men~ Porters (Bartender)~ Maids~ Cooks

African American Positions in the 1930s

Many women wore low heeled shoes. They wore lots of coats and lots of hats. Held hair mainly in a bun.

Lots of suits and tuxedos. Many men wore hats. It seemed that African American Men wore white.

The Great DepressionApproximately half of black Americans were out of work. They were the first to be laid off from their jobs, and they suffered from am unemployment rate two to three times that of whites. In fact, many African Americans had to rely on the government for sustainment.

Racial ViolenceRacial violence again became more common, especially in the South. Lynchings (Hangings), which had declined to just eight in 1932, had surged to 28 in 1933.

SPORTSOne of the most influential black athletes of this time period is Jesse Owens. Otherwise known as "The Buckeye Bullet".Jesse was an African American track athlete.He had talent that exceeded everyone else's. No matter where Jesse competed, he always had success. In high school, Jesse set or tied national high school records in the 100 yard dash, the 200 yard dash, and long jump. In college, at Ohio State University, he broke three and tied one record in just 45 minutes. On top of all of that, his greatest acomplishment is that he made the Olympics. It is very special to have a black American representing the USA. In the 1936 Berlin Olympics, he won 4 gold medals. Jesse Owens embarressed Hitler by beating the odds. Owens became a national hero.

"It all goes so fast, and character makes the difference when it's close."

"After I came home from the 1936 Olympics with my four medals, it became increasingly apparent that everyone was going to slap me on the back, want to shake my hand or have me up to their suite. But no one was going to offer me a job."

~ Jesse Owens

MUSICOne of my personal favorite singer/musician is Louis Armstrong. Even through the tough times in the 1930s, he gave people something to listen to and to enjoy. He and his band, The Hot Five, gave people excitement. Louis was breaking out as an actor. He appeared in two movies during the 1930s. Even one with the famous Bing Crosby. Louis armstrong divorced Lil in 1938, and then married his longtime sweetheart, Alpha.

Louis Armstrong became the first African American to host a sponsered, national radio broadcast in 1937.


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