Important Women of the 1920's

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by emmawilliams15
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Social Studies
American History

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Important Women of the 1920's

Bessie Smith's professional career began when she sang with famous artist at the time. By the 1920s. she was the lead star in black shows. After several tours, she was found by Clarence Williams to record in New York. Her first recording, Down-hearted Blues, had made her the most successful and famous black performer. Smith's had also performed with early jazz instrumentilsts such as various members of the Fletcher Henderson's Band, Louis Armstrong, Charlie Green, and Joe Smith.

A year later, she returned to the US and all charges had been dropped. Sanger began promoting birth control once again and soon opened up the first birth control clinic, but nine days later, had been arrested where she spent 30 days in jail.

Margaret Sanger was born on September 14, 1879, in Corning, NY. Sanger started a campaign to educate women about sex and promote the use of birth control to reduce the number of women who had undergone back-alley abortions and women who would self-terminate their pregnancies.In 1915, she began a feminist publication, The Woman Rebel. Many people believe her opinion was completely "obscene" and "immoral" and got a lot of critisim for this belief. She was soon commited for crime but instead of pay jail time, she fled to England where she continued her studies.

Important Women of the1920s

A couple years later, she decided to pursue her lifelong dream of being a professional ballerina. This led to her first mental breakdown. She was later diagnosed with nervous exhaustion and eventually schizophrenia. Durring her time in the hospital, she wrote her first novel "Save Me the Walts". Zelda also painting brilliant paintings, which her granddaughter describes as "theatrical". Sayre death on March 10, 1948 was not very much noted but her legacy lives on.

Zelda Sayre, born in 1900 Montgomery, Alabama, was a huge impact on the Jazz age and extremely in touch with all sorts of arts. Sayre's life long stuggle was to create an artistic identity for herself. At the age of 18, she married the famous writer F. Scott Fitzgerald. She was also very passionate about writing and alot of Fitzgerald's novels had been influenced by Sayre. At the age of 21, she gave birth to her one and only child, Scottie.

Zelda Sayre (Fitzgerald)Artist, Writer, Dancer, and Wife

“...without a thought for anyone else…I did not have a single feeling of inferiority, or shyness, or doubt, and no moral principles.” -Zelda Fitzgerald

In 1929, she appeared in the film St. Louis Blues, but by then alcoholism had severely damaged her career, as well as did the Great Depression. She contiuned to do recordings until 1936 when she had an automobile accident and died right before her next recording session had been arranged.

Bessie SmithOne of the Nations Greatest BLues Singer

Margaret SangerFeminist and Women's Rights Activitist

In 1927, she established the American Birth Control League (today's Planned Parenthood Federation of America). While she was president of this league, Sanger opened the first LEGAL birth control clinic in the US.

"Every child should be a wanted child."-Margaret Sanger


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