imperialism in africa

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imperialism in africa

The Scramble for Africa

European Imperialism in Africa from 1800-1914

Africa was a global market!

Europeans created telegram lines between Capetown and Cairo.

“Cementing British Presence in Egypt”

King Leopold II of Belgium as a snake entangling a Congolese rubber collector

Congo was a free state until Belgium brutally damaged the country in attempt to control its rubber trade and Atlantic trading ports.

Suez Canal

Ferdinand de Lesseps (A Frenchman) received agreement from Egyptian leaders to rebuild the Suez Canal (joined the Med. and Red Sea)

The substance of the laws is as follows:1. That the country is no more your petitioners' [i.e., the Chiefs], it is the Queen's; and that your petitioners have no more power over their lands and property; and that their Chiefs cannot do even so much as to settle matters respecting their common farms. All gold and silver found in the country to be the property of the Government.2. Your petitioners are to pay for their houses from 5s. to 10s. a year.3. Your petitioners are not to carry on any trade unless they pay to the Queen £2 a year.4. No rum is to be sold in any part of the country unless your petitioners pay the £2 a year.5. Native Chiefs may be deposed and deported at the Governor's pleasure.6. The country is to be in charge of the District Commissioners, whose decision in all cases, and that by the English laws, is final, against which there is no appeal except by paying a large amount of money.7. . . . that any Chief hearing any case not belonging to his Court will be punished by fine, imprisonment, and flogging.8. No slave-dealing of any kind to take place in the country.9. All cases of witchcraft to be tried by the Government.

Treaties..or Coercion?

Treaties were signed by the African chiefs in which they gave the European company or government the right to keep order (govern) and to take over the land and resources in their area.

British View On Imperialism

"I think you may well rejoice in the result of such expeditions as those which have recently been conducted with such signal success in [West and East Africa]; expeditions which may have, and indeed have, cost valuable lives, but as to which we may rest assured that for one life lost a hundred will be gained, and the cause of civilization and the prosperity of the people will in the long run be eminently advanced. But no doubt such a state of things, such a mission as I have described, involves heavy responsibility. . . . and it is a gigantic task that we have undertaken when we have determined to wield the scepter of empire. Great is the task, great is the responsibility, but great is the honor; and I am convinced that the conscience and spirit of the country will rise to the height of its obligations, and that we shall have the strength to fulfil the mission which our history and our national character have imposed upon us."

The speech of the British Secretary of State for the Colonies, Joseph Chamberlain, at the annual dinner of the Royal Colonial Institute on March 31, 1897


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