Imperialism in Africa

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by fmhs2
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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Imperialism in Africa

-Before WWI and WWII, Britain promised Ghana independence if they sent soldiers to fight-After, when they do not deliver on that promise, -Nationalist groups like the CPP and UGCC protestedIn 1957, Britain gives them their freedom, Kwame Nkrumah leads

Effects of ImperialismIn Ghana-heavy mining for precious minerals, metals-unstable government and economy-modernization-education systemsIn Kenya-created industrial markets-new technology regarding military weapons-government became centralized, bureaucratic, and interventionist-racial segregation-education-division of political powers among ethnicities

Imperialism in Africa

The Road to Imperialism in Ghana (Gold Coast)-large amounts of gold in Ghana-British wanted natural resources and control of trade-Ashanti were natives to Ghana and fought the British to protect their land and control-1896 British overthrew Ashanti leader

The Road to Imperialism in Kenya- The Nile River was a desirable factor for commerce, travel and trade- The European Powers were competing for colonization in Africa- The Berlin Conference- The British claimed Kenya as a British colony in 1895

Nationalist Movements-Aborigines' Rights Protection Society (ARPS)-Convention People's Paty (CPP)


Works Cited

Multiple European powers met in Berlin and negotiated the divisioning up of Africa.

Jomo Kenyatta - the first president of Kenya (Republic of Kenya was established in 1964) Leader of the KAU

The Mau Mau was a group of Kikuyu Radical Nationalists in Africa led by Kimathi. Kikuyus were the main indigenous group in Kenya.

The Mau Mau attacked Kikuyu loyalists in their homes and killed their families.British soldiers slaughtered Kikuyu's that had helped fight with the British.

At first the Mau Mau tried to use Gandhi's method of passive resistance, but the violence quickly escalated.

Nationalist Movements-Kenya Africa Union (KAU)- The Mau Mau

The Mau Mau that were captured were sent to "protection camps" by the British that were in a confined space and surrounded by barbed wire.

When Kimathi was captured, the Mau Mau Uprising ended. The British made reforms immediatley and loosened restraints on Kenya. Kenyans were allowed government positions which allowed them to have representation. Eventually they had the majority of the seats and they gained their freedom and independence in 1963 with Jomo Kenyatta as their president.

Kenya's Flag

Ghanaian Flag


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