Immigration of New Americans

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by cdrtmr05
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Immigration of New Americans

The musty, foul smellingBoat rocksThe room is dimAnd silentEveryone is waiting For the shores of Ellis IslandThey hope to have a new lifeStart over in AmericaThe room awakensWhen the captain yells"Land ahead"Everyone cheersI see the gleaming copper Statue of LibertyI can smell the fresh salty airMy heart is filled with optimismMy dreams are so close to coming trueBut the same cannot be said for othersSome are sent back for illnessOr not enough moneyOr no rideThey send you backTo that hopeless landBack on the dim boatWhere dreams once lived but now are lostYet others are let throughTo the country of AmericaWhere a better life awaits

Immigrants arriving from Europe first stopped at a small harbor in New York known as Ellis Island. Here they were checked for diseases and were asked questions about where they planned to live and work.Immigrants arriving from Asia stopped at Angel Island, California first. Unfortunately, their stay at Angel Island lasted much longer, extending for weeks and months awaiting permision to enter the United States.

Many Immigrants left their homeland to escape hardships such as poverty, hunger, lack of jobs or lack of freedom. Others, such as the Jewish immigrants, left Europe to escape religious persecution.

Over 23 million immigrants who arrived in the United States between 1880 and 1920. During the late 1800s, the largest numbers of immigrants came from the countries of northern and western Europe, including Ireland, Great Britain, Germany, and Sweden. In the early 1900s, the greatest numbers came from southern and eastern European countries such as Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, millions of immigrants moved to American cities.

The Statue of Liberty represented arrival at the free world to the New Americans.

New Americans

Starting a new life was a struggle for many immigrants. Families lived together in a one room tenement building. Working conditions were dark, unventilated and unsafe. Long workdays, up to 12 to 13 hours a day with just one half hour break, was the norm. They worked six days a week for an average of $10 dollars. Children performed dangerous jobs in the coal mine and cotton mills. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire led to new safety laws, labor reforms such as child labor laws, and labor unions.

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