Immigration and Urbanization

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by jackandmichelle
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Immigration and Urbanization

Successful or not?

Immigration reforms of the Progressivism Era proved to be both successful for some and unsuccessful for others. For the lower class worker, these reforms and restrictions on immigration helped create more available jobs than before. For an industrialist, however, the restrictions were unsuccessful because less workers were willing to work for lower wages.

What was the impact?

What did they do?

Immigration and Urbanization


Eric Foner on immigration reforms.

Following the immigration reforms and restrictions of the Progressivism Era, cities became less overpopulated and less immigrants were being hired for cheap labor. With less workers begging for jobs, working conditions became better because a union strike was now much more powerful.

The progressivists of the time restricted immigration into the US to eliminate overpopulation. Also, they began to Americanize the current immigrants that had already been living in the US. For example, in 1917 the US mandated a literary test for all immigrants over the age of 16. In addition to the Chinese Exclusion Act, this almost entirely wiped out Asian immgration to America. Anarchists, epileptics, polygamists, and beggars were now prohibited along with the handicapped and children without a parent.

There was overpopulation in the cities due to the large amount of immigrant workers coming into America during the Progressivism Era. The poor working conditions and low pay for the immigrant working class called for immigration reforms as well.


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