[2015] Sollana Brownirvin: Iliopsoas Syndrome

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[2015] Sollana Brownirvin: Iliopsoas Syndrome

Explain your injury

Iliopsoas SyndromeBy: Sollana Brown-Irvin

The Iliopsoas muscle is found in the front of the hip joint pretty deep below the surface of the skin. It is actually made up of two separate muscles; the Iliacus and Psoas. Its primary function is to flex the hip (bring the leg out in front of the body). The Iliopsoas are attached to the thighbone by Illiopsoas tendons, and in between the tendon and the hip is the Iliopsoa bursa, which helps in reducing friction between moving parts. Iliopsoas syndrome is the result of an inflammation or irritation of the Iliopsoas bursitis or the Iliopsoa tendon. This condition is most commonly found in gymnast, dancers, and track atheletes as a result of repetitive hip flexion.

The two most common causes of Iliopsoas syndrome are acute injury and overuse injury. The overuse injury is the result of constant repeated hip flexion. Acute injury happens when there is an eccentric contraction (a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens) of the Iliopsoa muscle. Another cause is when the hip is too prominent like with pincer impingement or when a person also has Rheumatoid arthritis. .

The signs of this injury is pain in the hip and thigh region, as well as hip stiffness and in some cases a clicking or snapping hip. Many patients also have difficulty in achieving a fully erect posture and pain in the contralateral gluteal region. Initially, patients tend to feel pain with specific sports-related activities, such as jogging, running, or kicking, pain with simple activities, such as putting on socks and shoes, rising from a seated position, walking up stairs, or even just a brisk walking may be reported.

This injury does not affect prevalently males or females. However it is most commonly found in athletes such as ballet dancers, gymnasts, horse riders, track and field athletes and soccer players, military training, or any vigorous exerciser, due to repeated hip flexion. Iis often found in dancers which is why this syndrome is also known as “Dancers hip” .A total of 49 dancers were diagnosed and treated for iliopsoas syndrome within a of 653 patients. Also within this group the incidence in female dancers was 9.2%, significantly higher than that in male dancers (3.2%).

The three most important components in treating this injury are stretching the muscle, tendon, and other structures in this region and strengthening muscles that assist the iliopsoas in its work, and rest. Mike Wolfe and elite ultrarunner did a tempo run in June 2009, his right hip flexor felt tender and sore but decided to muscle through. Afterwards, however, he couldn't lift his leg and his hip had locked up.

Iliopsoa Bursa

Causes

Signs/Symptoms

What would happen to the body if the athlete continued to play with this injury?

Does this injury affect prevalently males or females? Why?

Works Cited"Dr. Pribut On Iliopsoas Tendonitis and Iliopsoas Syndrome." Dr. Pribut On Iliopsoas Tendonitis and Iliopsoas Syndrome. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2015."Hip Pain, Iliopsoas Muscle Pain and Iliopsoas Injury." Stretch Coach. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2015."IlioPsoas Syndrome in DepthAKA: Hip Flexor Muscle Strain." IlioPsoas Syndrome (Hip Flexor Muscle Strain in Depth). N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2015."Iliopsoas Tendinitis ." Iliopsoas Tendinitis. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2015."Psoas Syndrome: A Frequently Missed Diagnosis." Psoas Syndrome: A Frequently Missed Diagnosis. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2015.


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