Human Stem Cell Research

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by ChingALingLing
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Life Science

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Human Stem Cell Research

Human Stem CellResearch

1EChi Wan Ching (7)Goh Kar Yee (11)Liu Yi Xin (17)Sthiti Acharya (23)Tasmia Hoque (30)

Scientists have been interested in cell biology since the advent of microscopes in the 1800’s. In the early 1900’s, European researchers realized that the various types of blood cells all came from a particular ‘stem cell’. In 1988, James Thomson successfully removed cells from spare embryos at fertility clinics and grew them in the laboratory.Progress in stem cell research is now astounding, with over 2,000 research papers on embryonic and adult stem cells being published in reputable scientific journals every year. Adult stem cells are already being used in treatments for over one hundred conditions.

Human stem cell research has met with heated opposition because the harvesting of human stem cells involves the destruction of the human embryo. Opponents of human stem cell research argue that the research is morally impermissible because it involves the unjust killing of innocent human beings.

In the cloning of a human blastocyst, researchers used 242 eggs from 16 women of which from only one were the stem cells harvested successfully from. These women who supplied the eggs and had miscarried are most likely to suffer impaired health and development.

Research using both hematopoietic adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells has provided insight into the possible mechanisms and methods of treatment for many ailments.

Baldness-Hair follicle also contain stem cells, and some researchers predict research on these follicle stem cells may lead to successes in treating baldness.

Further research into the technique of growing stem cells together with stromal cells (to mimic the condition of bone marrow in order to generate red blood cells) should have potential benefits to gene therapy, blood transfusion, and topical medicine.

The human stem cell has impacted greatly on mankind as it has lead humanity closer to more advanced treatment and possible cures to a number of diseases and injuries (e.g. Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, heart diseases e.t.c)

The human stem cell research can also spur economy growth as funds for the stem cell research directly led to jobs.

Reduction of risks during transplantation is also possible with further stem cell research.

Experiments can raise significant ethical concerns about mixing human and nonhuman materials in ways that could result in the development of human-nonhuman chimeras.

DevelopmentofKnowledge

Impact on Mankind and Economy

Social and Ethical

Issues

Stem cell technology is a rapidly developing field that combines the efforts of cell biologists, geneticists, and clinicians

Adult Stem Cell

Future Scope


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