# How would the capacity of non-fossil fuel energy affect the needs of the present and future societie

In Glogpedia

Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Environmental Studies
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Future Investment

Solar Power + Molten Salt ( Fission Reactor)

Wind Turbine produces an energy only when the wind blows. One large wind turbine can supply electricity to 475 homes, when running at full capacity. However, wind does not produce the amount of electricity all the time, which can be a problem today and for the future if we were only to rely on the power of wind.

Positive Impacts (Economical)• Creates new short and long term jobs • Related employments: engineers, meteorologist, technicians, lawyers, bankers, and assembly workers• Creates 30% more jobs than Coal Plants • Creates 66% more jobs than nuclear plants• Economy would rise in the future with more jobs available • Free fuel of wind •Clean air • Supports Agriculture (Wind Turbines can be installed around croplands without interfering livestock and people.)

How much Solar Panels you will need? Average Canadian monthly electricity consumption is about 900 kWh per month.  Divide 900 kWh to 30 days = 30 kWh you used per day.  Calculate how much sunlight you are getting (Average ranges from 4 to 6 hours)  Divide 30 kWh to 6 hours = 5kw of AC (Alternating Current or Home Electricity)  5kw of AC determines the power of your energy usage Ratio of AC (Alternating Current) and DC (Direct Current) is 80% Divide 5kw and divide 80%=6.25 kW DC.  Convert 6.25 kw into watts= 6250 watts 6250 watts / 250 watts solar panels = 25 solar panels you will need  25 * \$ 6,000= \$150,000 TOO EXPENSIVE!

How would the capacity of the non-fossil fuel energy

Economy Aspect

Producing Solar Panels can open many job opportunities to people and it can rise the economy rate. In addition, homeowners can reduce their overall electricity expenses annually. According to the data of “One Block Off the Grid”, it reveals that adding solar panels to your home can bring in monthly saving well above \$100.

affect the needs of the present and future societies?

Renewable energy is generally defined as energy that comes from resources which are continually replenished on a human timescale such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.

Negative Impacts (Environmental) • High Temperature countries has less air to propel wind turbine (Sudan, Zambia, Kuwait)• Produces Sound Pollution • Disturb nearby animal habitat • Loud Heavy Equipment • Constructing Large Wind Turbine can affect animals, depending on the sensitivity of the area

Average Onshore Turbine -Produces 2.5-3 Mega Watts = 6 million kWh in a year -Enough to supply 1,500 households -Keep in mind, it only produces 2.5-3 Mega Watts if the wind is at its full capacity

Wind Energy and other renewable sources is subsidzed by Government. They subsidized variety of companies and local residents because they believe it would be a good investment for the future when fossil fuel era ends.

Solar Power is a renewable form of energy that is coming directly from our sun. The sun’s energy can be harnessed by Photovoltaic Panels or also known as solar panel. Solar panel is eco-friendly in terms of greenhouse gasses.

Average Solar PanelPower= 250 Watts Cost= \$6,000 Balance of System= \$2,500Installation= \$7,500Labor= 3,000Total Cost= \$19,500

•Negative Impacts (Society and Environmetal)• Solar panels contains Hazardous material (oil, nitrogen trifluroide, sulfur hexafluoride and molten salts) can affect our society and environment if not properly dispose. • Require a lot of space for solar panels • Availability is limited my seasons, climate and latitude• expensivePositive Future Impacts (Society)Solar Panels have the ability to help power our technological advancement, such as the Innovation in Nanotechnology and Quantum Physics, which has the potential to triple the electrical output in the future.

Solar Introduction

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Wind Introduction

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Geothermal is a type of energy that can be obtain below the surface of the earth. Due to fission of radioactive materials in the earth’s core, the earth produces heat.

Potential Future ProblemAccording to “Energy Information Administration”, out of all the energy sources we use in the world, only 9% are renewable energy sources. Out of all the renewable energy sources, we only use 2% of geothermal energy. The worldwide energy consumption varies about 15 Terawatts and it is predicted the geothermal energy is far beyond that. If humankind were only to rely on the capacity of geothermal energy in the future, we can cause surface instability of land (Earthquakes, Tsunami can be triggered by hydraulic machinery in the ground which can potentially harm our society (environmentally, economically and socially).

Disadvantages on our Society o Geothermal Reservoirs Projects are expensive o Location Specific (Geothermal reservoirs are hard find) o Requires spaces oDestroy animal habitats o Rainwater seeps down the earth’s surface, depleting geothermal reservoirso Geothermal reservoirs cam contain heavy metals (mercury, boron, arsenic)oPossible greenhouse gases o Once the energy is extracted it can only be use in the surrounding areas 

Advantages on our Society • Recreations (hot-spring may attract tourist attractions)• Reliable (available 24/7)• High energy power (earth’s core) than other renewables • Creates job opportunities• Powers up our advance technology • Allows to invent more technology

Geothermal Introduction

Hydroelectric Power plays a very important role in our world’s power generator. Hydroelectric contributes 1/5 of the world’s power generator and 55 countries majority power depends on Hydroelectric Power.

Future Views If humans intends to keep going on fossil fuel until it runs out, the climate temperature may increase rapidly in the future, and can evaporate our water faster than a normal rate. That will limit us from using water in the future to generate electricity.

Positive Aspects (Economic and Social)• Dams provides long life span that can go through 3 generations (50 to 100 years) •It opens up employment opportunities •Supply other generating options (Thermal and intermittent renewables ex. Solar or Wind)•It can produce high incomes and able to sustain other water uses •With high incomes, it can enhance recreational facilities •Improves living conditions •Hydroelectric (dams) provides flood protection •Strengthen livelihoods (Food supply and freshwater) •Ability to produce Liquid Hydrogen (can be use to power up cars)

Present ViewsWith the amount of water we still have today, hydroelectric power can generate our water and convert it into strong and efficient electricity. In our society, we can use that electricity to power up or supply other generating options such as thermal and intermitted renewables (solar and wind) to expand our resources and help the needs of our society.

Negative Aspects (Society)o Reservoirs capacity may decrease due to sedimentation o High up investment and long term preparation o Building dams may restrict areas (Environmentally)o Waterborne disease may affect humans and animals o Methylmercury (can accumulate in the aquatic food chain) can affect water if not monitored or manage properly o Methylmercury can cause greenhouse gasses

Hydro-electricty Introduction

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Future Outlook

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